Is the standard SF-12 Health Survey valid and equivalent for a Chinese population?
Cite this article as: Lam, C.L., Tse, E.Y. & Gandek, B. Qual Life Res (2005) 14: 539. doi:10.1007/s11136-004-0704-3 Abstract Introduction: Chinese is the world’s largest ethnic group but few health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures have been tested on them. The aim of this study was to determine if the standard SF-12 was valid and equivalent for a Chinese population. Methods: The SF-36 data of 2410 Chinese adults randomly selected from the general population of Hong Kong (HK) were analysed. The Chinese (HK) specific SF-12 items and scoring algorithm were derived from the HK Chinese population data by multiple regressions. The SF-36 PCS and MCS scores were used as criteria to assess the content and criterion validity of the SF-12. The standard and Chinese (HK) specific SF-12 PCS and MCS scores were compared for equivalence. Results: The standard SF-12 explained 82% and 89% of the variance of the SF-36 PCS and MCS scores, respectively, and the effect size differences between the standard SF-36 and SF-12 scores were less than 0.3. Six of the Chinese (HK) specific SF-12 items were different from those of the standard SF-12, but the effect size differences between the Chinese (HK) specific and standard SF-12 scores were mostly less than 0.3. Conclusions: The standard SF-12 was valid and equivalent for the Chinese, which would enable more Chinese to be included in clinical trials that measure HRQoL. Keywords Health-related quality of life SF-12 Chinese Validity Equivalence References Lam, CLK, Gandek, B, Ren, XS, Chan, MS 1998 Tests of scaling assumptions and construct validity of the Chinese (HK) version of the SF-36 Health Survey. J Clin Epidemiol 51 1139 1147 Google Scholar Lam, CLK 2003 Reliability and construct validity of the Chinese (Hong Kong) SF-36 for patients in primary care. H K Pract 25 468 475 Google Scholar
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