Prevention Science

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 842–849

Analogue Study of Peer Influence on Risk-Taking Behavior in Older Adolescents

  • Elizabeth K. Reynolds
  • Laura MacPherson
  • Sarah Schwartz
  • Nathan A. Fox
  • C. W. Lejuez
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11121-013-0439-x

Cite this article as:
Reynolds, E.K., MacPherson, L., Schwartz, S. et al. Prev Sci (2014) 15: 842. doi:10.1007/s11121-013-0439-x

Abstract

This experimental study aimed to examine whether adolescents act in a riskier manner in the presence of peers and whether peer presence alone influences risk behavior or if a direct influence process is necessary. Utilizing a behavioral task assessing risk-taking, 183 older adolescents (18–20 year olds) came to the laboratory alone once and then were randomized to one of three conditions as follows: alone, peers present, and peers encouraging. An interaction was found such that at baseline, there were no significant differences between the three conditions, but at the experimental session, there was a significant increase in risk task scores particularly for the encouraging condition. These findings challenge proposed models of the interaction between peer influence and risk taking by providing evidence that adolescents take more risks when being encouraged by peers, but that the presence of peers on its own does not lead to more risks than when completing the task alone.

Keywords

Peer influenceRisk-takingOlder adolescentBehavioral task

Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth K. Reynolds
    • 1
    • 4
  • Laura MacPherson
    • 1
  • Sarah Schwartz
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nathan A. Fox
    • 2
  • C. W. Lejuez
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research and the Department of PsychologyUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human DevelopmentUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryJohns Hopkins School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA