Public Organization Review

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 223–244

National Defense, Environmental Regulation, and Overhead Democracy: A View from the “Greening” of the U.S. Military


DOI: 10.1007/s11115-010-0128-1

Cite this article as:
Durant, R.F. Public Organiz Rev (2010) 10: 223. doi:10.1007/s11115-010-0128-1


This study examines the patterns of politics accompanying efforts to hold the United States military accountable to U.S. environmental and natural resources (ENR) laws in the post-Cold War era. This analysis (1) uses three cases to describe what happened, and why, (2) to test several propositions related to military accountability to ENR laws in the post-Cold War era; (3) to offer a typology of tactics used that may help inform future research on intragovernmental regulation more generally; and (4) argues that public agencies have a responsibility to comply with the regulatory processes that hold them accountable to U.S. ENR laws.


Bureaucracy and democracyOverhead democracyEnvironmental regulationNatural resources managementNational securityThe U.S. military

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public AffairsAmerican UniversityWashingtonUSA