Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 485–502

Child Well-Being in Same-Sex Parent Families: Review of Research Prepared for American Sociological Association Amicus Brief

  • Wendy D. Manning
  • Marshal Neal Fettro
  • Esther Lamidi
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11113-014-9329-6

Cite this article as:
Manning, W.D., Fettro, M.N. & Lamidi, E. Popul Res Policy Rev (2014) 33: 485. doi:10.1007/s11113-014-9329-6

Abstract

Recent legal cases before the Supreme Court of the United States were challenging federal definitions of marriage created by the Defense of Marriage Act and California’s voter approved Proposition 8 which limited marriage to different-sex couples only. Social science literature regarding child well-being was being used within these cases, and the American Sociological Association sought to provide a concise evaluation of the literature through an amicus curiae brief. The authors were tasked in the assistance of this legal brief by reviewing literature regarding the well-being of children raised within same-sex parent families. This article includes our assessment of the literature, focusing on those studies, reviews and books published within the past decade. We conclude that there is a clear consensus in the social science literature indicating that American children living within same-sex parent households fare just, as well as those children residing within different-sex parent households over a wide array of well-being measures: academic performance, cognitive development, social development, psychological health, early sexual activity, and substance abuse. Our assessment of the literature is based on credible and methodologically sound studies that compare well-being outcomes of children residing within same-sex and different-sex parent families. Differences that exist in child well-being are largely due to socioeconomic circumstances and family stability. We discuss challenges and opportunities for new research on the well-being of children in same-sex parent families.

Keywords

Gay Lesbian Review of literature Children Same-sex parents Legal brief 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy D. Manning
    • 1
  • Marshal Neal Fettro
    • 1
  • Esther Lamidi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Center for Family and Demographic ResearchBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA