The environmental dimensions of the HIV/AIDS pandemic: a call for scholarship and evidence-based intervention
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The HIV/AIDS pandemic has had dramatic influence on the demographic dynamics of many of the world’s less economically developed regions. Today, an estimated 33 million individuals are living with HIV, and recent data suggest that, every day, over 6800 persons become HIV-infected and over 5700 persons die from AIDS (UNAIDS 2006). The age profile of HIV infection is well known, with new cases impacting primarily prime-age adults. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the world’s most affected region with recent population-based surveys suggesting that adult prevalence rates (age 15–49) reaches as high as 25% in Botswana and over 23% in Lesotho (UNAIDS 2006). Still, HIV/AIDS also impacts children, with over 2 million HIV+ individuals under age 15 in sub-Saharan Africa; And the disease profile now includes many individuals over age 50 due to the positive impact on life expectancy of recent treatment advances (UNAIDS 2006).
Of course, HIV/AIDS’ impacts at the individual and household levels are difficu
- Bohman, D. M., Vasuthevan, S., van Wyk, N. C., & Ekman, S. L. (2007). ‘We clean our houses, prepare for weddings and go to funerals’: Daily lives of elderly Africans in Majaneng, South Africa. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 22, 323–337. CrossRef
- Evans, R. (2005). Social networks, migration, and care in Tanzania: caregivers’ and children’s resilience to coping with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Children & Poverty, 11, 111–129. CrossRef
- Hunter, L. M., Twine, W., & Johnson, A. (2007). Adult mortality and natural resource use in rural South Africa: Evidence from the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance Site. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Working Paper EB2005–0004.
- Rugalema, G. (2000). Coping or struggling? A journey into the impact of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. Review of African Political Economy, 27, 537–545. CrossRef
- Schatz, E., & Ogunmefun, C. (2007). Caring and contributing: The role of older women in rural South African multi-generational households in the HIV/AIDS era. World Development, 35, 1390–1403. CrossRef
- UNAIDS. (2006). 2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS: Geneva, Switzerland.
- USAID (US Agency for International Development). (2007). Caribbean HIV/AIDS health profile. Washington, DC: USAID.
- The environmental dimensions of the HIV/AIDS pandemic: a call for scholarship and evidence-based intervention
Population and Environment
Volume 29, Issue 3-5 , pp 103-107
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Departments of Sociology and Environmental Studies, Institute of Behavioral Science, Program on Environment and Society, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
- 2. Sierra Club (formerly with the Population Reference Bureau), San Francisco, CA, USA
- 3. Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa