Regular Article

Plant and Soil

, Volume 303, Issue 1, pp 83-94

First online:

Application of silicon sources increases silicon accumulation in perennial ryegrass turf on two soil types

  • U. N. NanayakkaraAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Pathology, The Pennsylvania State University
  • , W. UddinAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Pathology, The Pennsylvania State University Email author 
  • , L. E. DatnoffAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Pathology, University of Florida

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This study investigated the ability of perennial ryegrass to accumulate silicon and the factors that may influence plant silicon accumulation. Plants were grown in the greenhouse in two soil types, peat:sand mix and Hagerstown-silt-loam, amended with two commercially available sources of silicon, calcium silicate slag and wollastonite at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5 and 10 t/ha. Shoot tissue of nine-week-old perennial ryegrass plants was analyzed for silicon content (%) and found to reach a dry matter concentration of up to 4% in this study. Silicon accumulation in perennial ryegrass was influenced by the soil type and source, and was higher in plants grown in low-silicon peat:sand mix compared to Hagerstown-silt-loam. Silicon content (%) in the plants consistently increased with increasing rates of silicon in all four soil and source combinations. Acetic acid (HAc) extractable silicon and Ca increased in both soil types when amended with either of the silicon sources. Effects of silicon sources on soil pH varied with soil type. This study indicates that soil type, source of silicon, and rate of silicon application are important factors influencing the uptake of silicon by perennial ryegrass which is a widely used turfgrass species in golf courses, sports fields, and residential lawns in the United States.


Calcium silicate Wollastonite Lolium perenne Perennial ryegrass Plant nutrition Silicon Turfgrasses