Philosophical Studies

, Volume 153, Issue 1, pp 143-160

First online:

Lessons from beyond vision (sounds and audition)

  • Casey O’CallaghanAffiliated withPhilosophy Department, Rice University Email author 

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Recent work on non-visual modalities aims to translate, extend, revise, or unify claims about perception beyond vision. This paper presents central lessons drawn from attention to hearing, sounds, and multimodality. It focuses on auditory awareness and its objects, and it advances more general lessons for perceptual theorizing that emerge from thinking about sounds and audition. The paper argues that sounds and audition no better support the privacy of perception’s objects than does vision; that perceptual objects are more diverse than an exclusively visual perspective suggests; and that multimodality is rampant. In doing so, it presents an account according to which audition affords awareness as of not just sounds, but also environmental happenings beyond sounds.


Non-visual perception Hearing Sound Objects of perception