Policy Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 199–220

Who teaches and who learns? Policy learning through the C40 cities climate network

Authors

    • Department of Asian and International StudiesCity University of Hong Kong
  • Susan van de Meene
    • Department of Asian and International StudiesCity University of Hong Kong
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11077-012-9159-5

Cite this article as:
Lee, T. & van de Meene, S. Policy Sci (2012) 45: 199. doi:10.1007/s11077-012-9159-5

Abstract

This study examines the network structure of policy learning in the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, which is a network of the world’s largest cities committed to tackling climate change issues. Among forty members and nineteen affiliate members, we ask the question with whom do cities learn and why? How are policy-learning relationships associated with cities’ multi-stakeholder governing body, policy performance, and cultural similarities? While studies on learning have analyzed conditions facilitating learning, quantitative studies of local government learning in global networks are rare. To facilitate the investigation into learning, we conceptualize learning as a process comprising information seeking, adoption and policy change, and focus on information seeking as the foundation step in the learning process. This social network analysis using the exponential random graph model reveals the cities that seek information and those that are information sources are different subgroups. Furthermore, analysis of nodal attributes suggests that transmunicipal learning in the C40 network is facilitated by the presence of a multi-stakeholder governing body; homophily of culture (language and regional proximity); and higher level of climate change policy performance. Creating a multi-stakeholder governing body could ensure participatory representativeness from citizens and relevant stakeholders to enhance climate change policy engagement and decision making as well as policy learning.

Keywords

Policy learningClimate changeTransnational networkMulti-stakeholder governing bodySocial network analysisExponential random graph model

Abbreviations

AIC

Akaike information criterion

C40

C40 cities climate leadership group

CDP

Carbon disclosure project

CIA

Central intelligence agency

CCP

Cities for climate protection

ERG

Exponential random graph

GHG

Greenhouse gas

ICLEI

International council for local environmental initiative

NGO

Non-government organization

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012