Neuropsychology Review

, 19:353

Cognitive Remediation in Schizophrenia

Authors

    • Department of PsychiatryColumbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Jimmy Choi
    • Department of PsychiatryColumbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s11065-009-9097-y

Cite this article as:
Medalia, A. & Choi, J. Neuropsychol Rev (2009) 19: 353. doi:10.1007/s11065-009-9097-y

Abstract

Cognitive deficits are routinely evident in schizophrenia, and are of sufficient magnitude to influence functional outcomes in work, social functioning and illness management. Cognitive remediation is an evidenced-based non-pharmacological treatment for the neurocognitive deficits seen in schizophrenia. Narrowly defined, cognitive remediation is a set of cognitive drills or compensatory interventions designed to enhance cognitive functioning, but from the vantage of the psychiatric rehabilitation field, cognitive remediation is a therapy which engages the patient in learning activities that enhance the neurocognitive skills relevant to their chosen recovery goals. Cognitive remediation programs vary in the extent to which they reflect these narrow or broader perspectives but six meta-analytic studies report moderate range effect sizes on cognitive test performance, and daily functioning. Reciprocal interactions between baseline ability level, the type of instructional techniques used, and motivation provide some explanatory power for the heterogeneity in patient response to cognitive remediation.

Keywords

Cognitive remediationCognitionPsychiatric rehabilitationSchizophreniaCognitive dysfunction

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009