Perspectives

Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 11, Issue 8, pp 1845-1866

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Trends for nanotechnology development in China, Russia, and India

  • Xuan LiuAffiliated withDepartment of Management Information Systems, Antai College of Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Email author 
  • , Pengzhu ZhangAffiliated withDepartment of Management Information Systems, Antai College of Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • , Xin LiAffiliated withDepartment of Information Systems, City University of Hong Kong
  • , Hsinchun ChenAffiliated withDepartment of Management Information Systems, Artificial Intelligence Lab, Eller College of Management, The University of Arizona
  • , Yan DangAffiliated withDepartment of Management Information Systems, Artificial Intelligence Lab, Eller College of Management, The University of Arizona
  • , Catherine LarsonAffiliated withDepartment of Management Information Systems, Artificial Intelligence Lab, Eller College of Management, The University of Arizona
  • , Mihail C. RocoAffiliated withNational Science Foundation
  • , Xianwen WangAffiliated withWISE Lab, Dalian University of Technology

Abstract

China, Russia, and India are playing an increasingly important role in global nanotechnology research and development (R&D). This paper comparatively inspects the paper and patent publications by these three countries in the Thomson Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI) database and United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database (1976–2007). Bibliographic, content map, and citation network analyses are used to evaluate country productivity, dominant research topics, and knowledge diffusion patterns. Significant and consistent growth in nanotechnology papers are noted in the three countries. Between 2000 and 2007, the average annual growth rate was 31.43% in China, 11.88% in Russia, and 33.51% in India. During the same time, the growth patterns were less consistent in patent publications: the corresponding average rates are 31.13, 10.41, and 5.96%. The three countries’ paper impact measured by the average number of citations has been lower than the world average. However, from 2000 to 2007, it experienced rapid increases of about 12.8 times in China, 8 times in India, and 1.6 times in Russia. The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), and the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) were the most productive institutions in paper publication, with 12,334, 6,773, and 1,831 papers, respectively. The three countries emphasized some common research topics such as “Quantum dots,” “Carbon nanotubes,” “Atomic force microscopy,” and “Scanning electron microscopy,” while Russia and India reported more research on nano-devices as compared with China. CAS, RAS, and IIT played key roles in the respective domestic knowledge diffusion.

Keywords

Bibliographic analysis Citation analysis of articles and patents Information visualization Self-organizing maps Nanoscience Nanotechnology Research and development Technological innovation International