Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 749–755

Controllable synthesis, characterization, and magnetic properties of nanoscale zerovalent iron with specific high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area

  • Qiliang Wang
  • Sushil Raj Kanel
  • Hosik Park
  • Anna Ryu
  • Heechul Choi
Brief Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-008-9524-7

Cite this article as:
Wang, Q., Kanel, S.R., Park, H. et al. J Nanopart Res (2009) 11: 749. doi:10.1007/s11051-008-9524-7

Abstract

This article reports a novel approach for the controllable synthesis of nanoscale zerovalent iron (NZVI) particles with specific high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface areas. Borohydride reduction is a primary and effective liquid phase reduction method for the synthesis of zerovalent iron nanoparticles. However, previous methods for synthesizing NZVI did not suggest a standard technique for controlling the size of particles during the synthesis process; in addition, previous literature generally reported that NZVI had a BET surface area of <37 m2/g. In this communication, a novel approach for the controllable synthesis of NZVI particles with specific high BET surface areas is presented. As a result, the BET surface areas of the NZVI particles synthesized increased to 47.49 and 62.48 m2/g, and the particle sizes decreased to 5–40 and 3–30 nm. Additionally, the physical and chemical properties of the synthesized NZVI particles were investigated by a series of characterizations, and magnetic analysis indicated that the synthesized NZVI particles had super-paramagnetic properties.

Keywords

Nanoscale zerovalent ironSynthesisCharacterizationLiquid phase reductionBET surface areaMagnetic property

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiliang Wang
    • 1
  • Sushil Raj Kanel
    • 2
  • Hosik Park
    • 1
  • Anna Ryu
    • 1
  • Heechul Choi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST)GwangjuThe Republic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA