Research Paper

Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1349-1360

Well-crystallized zinc oxide quantum dots with narrow size distribution

  • Keigo SuzukiAffiliated withMurata Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Email author 
  • , Masashi InoguchiAffiliated withMurata Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
  • , Keisuke KageyamaAffiliated withMurata Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
  • , Hiroshi TakagiAffiliated withMurata Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
  • , Yukio SakabeAffiliated withMurata Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

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Abstract

In this study, pulsed laser ablation, online annealing, and following size classification using a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) were employed to fabricate quantum dots (QDs) of zinc oxide (ZnO). The irregularly shaped ZnO particles were obtained at annealing temperature less than 873 K, which gradually transformed into spherical QDs with increasing the annealing temperature. Finally, ZnO QDs with narrow size distribution having spherical shapes were successfully obtained at temperatures above 1173 K under the DMA classification at a nominal size of 10 nm. TEM observation demonstrated that the ZnO QDs obtained by this process were well-crystallized single crystallites with a wurtzite structure. Further, ZnO QDs with average sizes in the range of 4.8–8.1 nm were successfully fabricated by reducing the specified sizes of DMA. These features of the fabricated ZnO QDs are favorable for investigation of intrinsic quantum size effect in ZnO.

Keywords

Zinc oxide Quantum dot Laser ablation Differential mobility analyzer Particle synthesis