, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1349-1360
Date: 26 Sep 2008

Well-crystallized zinc oxide quantum dots with narrow size distribution

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Abstract

In this study, pulsed laser ablation, online annealing, and following size classification using a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) were employed to fabricate quantum dots (QDs) of zinc oxide (ZnO). The irregularly shaped ZnO particles were obtained at annealing temperature less than 873 K, which gradually transformed into spherical QDs with increasing the annealing temperature. Finally, ZnO QDs with narrow size distribution having spherical shapes were successfully obtained at temperatures above 1173 K under the DMA classification at a nominal size of 10 nm. TEM observation demonstrated that the ZnO QDs obtained by this process were well-crystallized single crystallites with a wurtzite structure. Further, ZnO QDs with average sizes in the range of 4.8–8.1 nm were successfully fabricated by reducing the specified sizes of DMA. These features of the fabricated ZnO QDs are favorable for investigation of intrinsic quantum size effect in ZnO.