, Volume 10, Issue 8, pp 1231-1240,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 23 May 2008

Hybrid approaches to nanometer-scale patterning: Exploiting tailored intermolecular interactions


In this perspective, we explore hybrid approaches to nanometer-scale patterning, where the precision of molecular self-assembly is combined with the sophistication and fidelity of lithography. Two areas––improving existing lithographic techniques through self-assembly and fabricating chemically patterned surfaces––will be discussed in terms of their advantages, limitations, applications, and future outlook. The creation of such chemical patterns enables new capabilities, including the assembly of biospecific surfaces to be recognized by, and to capture analytes from, complex mixtures. Finally, we speculate on the potential impact and upcoming challenges of these hybrid strategies.