Original Paper

Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 206-214

First online:

Dominance threat display for victory and achievement in competition context

  • Hyisung C. HwangAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, San Francisco State UniversityHumintell, LLC Email author 
  • , David MatsumotoAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, San Francisco State UniversityHumintell, LLC

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We explored whether a dominance threat display as result of victory in agonistic encounters is actually produced in real life competition settings by examining the first whole body reactions produced by winners of the medal matches from three Olympic judo competitions, one of which included a sample of athletes who were blind. Winners displayed behavioral signals that were characterized into three categories, Expansion, Aggression, and Attention. These behavioral characteristics overlapped with descriptions of dominance displays in the previous literature. Other findings have suggested that these behaviors may be labeled as triumph.


Dominance Threat Victory Competition Nonverbal expression Triumph