Original Paper

Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 353-366

Linking job demands and resources to burnout and work engagement: Does passion underlie these differential relationships?

  • Sarah-Geneviève TrépanierAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) Email author 
  • , Claude FernetAffiliated withDepartment of Management, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
  • , Stéphanie AustinAffiliated withDepartment of Management, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
  • , Jacques ForestAffiliated withSchool of Management Science, Université du Québec à Montréal
  • , Robert J. VallerandAffiliated withDepartment of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University

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Abstract

This study examined the role of passion for work in the health impairment and motivational processes proposed by the job demands-resources model. Based on the dualistic model of passion, we proposed that harmonious and obsessive passion intervene simultaneously in the relationship between (1) job demands and burnout/engagement, and (2) job resources and burnout/engagement. This model was tested in two occupational samples: nurses (n = 1,179) and teachers (n = 745). Results from structural equation modeling support the proposed model in both samples. That is, both types of passion partially mediated the relationship between job demands and burnout, while harmonious passion partially mediated the relationship between job demands and engagement. Moreover, harmonious passion partially mediated the relationship between job resources and burnout/work engagement. Implications for burnout research and management practices are discussed.

Keywords

Passion for work Burnout Work engagement Job demands-resources model Dualistic model of passion