No pain, no change: Reductions in prior negative affect following physical pain
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In general, organisms are motivated to avoid stimuli that induce pain. However, some individuals intentionally inflict pain on themselves (e.g., nonsuicidal self-injury) and report doing so for the perceived emotional benefits following the experience of pain. Two controlled laboratory studies sought to expand upon the relatively limited literature on the effects of pain on emotion. In Study 1, participants provided momentary affect ratings immediately before and after experiencing physical pain. Results demonstrated that both positive affect and negative affect (NA) decreased following the experience of pain. In the Study 2, we examined the effect that individual differences in emotional reactivity had on affective reactions to pain. Individuals high in emotional reactivity experienced larger decreases in NA following the experience of pain than individuals who were low in emotional reactivity. Our findings may potentially explain why some individuals intentionally seek out the experience of pain.
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- No pain, no change: Reductions in prior negative affect following physical pain
Motivation and Emotion
Volume 34, Issue 3 , pp 280-287
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Emotional reactivity
- Negative affect
- Positive affect
- Nonsuicidal self-injury
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, 2765, P.O. Box 6050, Fargo, ND, 58108-6050, USA
- 2. Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA
- 3. Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA