Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 1003–1021

Global Supply of Biomass for Energy and Carbon Sequestration from Afforestation/Reforestation Activities

Authors

    • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • G. Alexandrov
    • National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)Climate Change Research Project
  • Pablo C. Benítez
    • Dept. of EconomicsUniversity of Victoria
  • Ian McCallum
    • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • Florian Kraxner
    • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • Keywan Riahi
    • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • Dmitry Rokityanskiy
    • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • Yoshiki Yamagata
    • National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)Climate Change Research Project
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11027-006-9031-z

Cite this article as:
Obersteiner, M., Alexandrov, G., Benítez, P.C. et al. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change (2006) 11: 1003. doi:10.1007/s11027-006-9031-z
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Abstract

In this paper we provide an analytical framework to estimate the joint production of biomass and carbon sequestration from afforestation and reforestation activities. The analysis is based on geographical explicit information on a half-degree resolution. For each grid-cell the model estimates forest growth using a global vegetation model and chooses forest management rules. Land prices, cost of forest production and harvesting are determined as a function of grid specific site productivity, population density and estimates of economic wealth. The sensitivity of the results due to scenario storylines is assessed using different population and economic growth assumptions, which are consistent with B1 and A2 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emission Scenarios (IPCC-SRES) marker scenarios. Considerable differences in the economic supply schedules are found. However, technical potentials seem to converge given constancy in other underlying assumptions of the model.

Keywords

bioenergyafforestation/reforestationcarbon sequestrationglobal supplygeography
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006