Article

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 1003-1021

Global Supply of Biomass for Energy and Carbon Sequestration from Afforestation/Reforestation Activities

  • Michael ObersteinerAffiliated withInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Email author 
  • , G. AlexandrovAffiliated withNational Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Climate Change Research Project
  • , Pablo C. BenítezAffiliated withDept. of Economics, University of Victoria
  • , Ian McCallumAffiliated withInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • , Florian KraxnerAffiliated withInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • , Keywan RiahiAffiliated withInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • , Dmitry RokityanskiyAffiliated withInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • , Yoshiki YamagataAffiliated withNational Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Climate Change Research Project

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

In this paper we provide an analytical framework to estimate the joint production of biomass and carbon sequestration from afforestation and reforestation activities. The analysis is based on geographical explicit information on a half-degree resolution. For each grid-cell the model estimates forest growth using a global vegetation model and chooses forest management rules. Land prices, cost of forest production and harvesting are determined as a function of grid specific site productivity, population density and estimates of economic wealth. The sensitivity of the results due to scenario storylines is assessed using different population and economic growth assumptions, which are consistent with B1 and A2 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emission Scenarios (IPCC-SRES) marker scenarios. Considerable differences in the economic supply schedules are found. However, technical potentials seem to converge given constancy in other underlying assumptions of the model.

Keywords

bioenergy afforestation/reforestation carbon sequestration global supply geography