, Volume 10, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 143-146,
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Date: 20 Jun 2006

Genetic Risks to the Mother and the Infant: Assessment, Counseling, and Management

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In order to optimize the chance for a healthy pregnancy and baby, a woman’s risk factors related to a variety of health issues (diet, medications, and exposures) are generally examined, allowing for required modifications during preconception care [1]. This activity can help prevent some birth defects and some adverse birth outcomes, such as prematurity. In contrast, genetic factors result in conditions often perceived to be rare, and thus most women without a family history of birth defects or genetic conditions do not consider themselves at risk. Regardless, a full range of genetic issues should always be considered preconceptionally to improve the chance for a healthy birth outcome.

Preconception care involves genetics in two distinct manners: 1) the assessment of risk factors for having a child with a genetic disorder and providing information about preconception and prenatal testing, as well a reproductive options to minimize the chance of having genetic problems in future children ...

The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.