Perspectives

Landscape Ecology

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 455-463

Identifying future research needs in landscape genetics: where to from here?

  • Niko BalkenholAffiliated withDepartment of Fish & Wildlife Resources, University of Idaho Email author 
  • , Felix GugerliAffiliated withWSL Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt
  • , Sam A. CushmanAffiliated withRocky Mountain Research Station
  • , Lisette P. WaitsAffiliated withDepartment of Fish & Wildlife Resources, University of Idaho
  • , Aurélie CoulonAffiliated withCornell Laboratory of Ornithology
  • , J. W. ArntzenAffiliated withResearch Department, National Museum of Natural History
  • , Rolf HoldereggerAffiliated withWSL Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt
  • , Helene H. WagnerAffiliated withDepartment of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto
  • , Participants of the Landscape Genetics Research Agenda Workshop 2007

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Abstract

Landscape genetics is an emerging interdisciplinary field that combines methods and concepts from population genetics, landscape ecology, and spatial statistics. The interest in landscape genetics is steadily increasing, and the field is evolving rapidly. We here outline four major challenges for future landscape genetic research that were identified during an international landscape genetics workshop. These challenges include (1) the identification of appropriate spatial and temporal scales; (2) current analytical limitations; (3) the expansion of the current focus in landscape genetics; and (4) interdisciplinary communication and education. Addressing these research challenges will greatly improve landscape genetic applications, and positively contribute to the future growth of this promising field.

Keywords

Landscape resistance Adaptive genetic variation Gene flow Single-nucleotide polymorphisms Spatial heterogeneity Spatio-temporal scale