Maternal Acceptance and Adolescents’ Emotional Communication: A Longitudinal Study
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
With substantive evidence suggesting that adolescents’ disclosure is likely a protective factor against problem behaviors, as well as evidence that many adolescents will go to great lengths to avoid sharing information with parents, one may conclude that parents’ face a formidable task. Previous studies have identified parental acceptance as a concurrent correlate of adolescents’ behavioral disclosure, but have neglected to investigate potential ways that parents could encourage their adolescents to feel comfortable disclosing emotional information. The present study extends the literature by using a longitudinal, multi-method, multi-reporter design to examine whether maternal acceptance is predictive of emotional disclosure over time among a racially/socioeconomically diverse sample of 184 adolescents (53% female). Results indicate that adolescents who perceive their mothers as high in acceptance during early adolescence exhibit greater relative increases in both self-reported emotional communication and observed emotional disclosure to their mothers 3 years later. Interestingly, mothers’ perceptions of their own acceptance does not provide any additional predictive value. These findings support the notion that adolescents’ emotional disclosure is an ongoing process that can be fostered in early adolescence, and emphasize the importance of considering adolescents’ perceptions of the relationship to successfully do so.
- Allen, J. P., Hall, F. D., Insabella, G. M., Land, D. J., Marsh, P. A., & Porter, M. R. (2001). Supportive behavior coding system. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia.
- Arbuckle, J. L. (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In G. A. M. R. E. Schumaker (Ed.), Advanced structural modeling: Issues and techniques (pp. 243–277). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427–454. CrossRef
- Barnes, G. M., Farrell, M. P., & Banerjee, S. (1994). Family influences on alcohol abuse and other problem behaviors among Black and White adolescents in a general population sample. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4(2), 183–201. CrossRef
- Criss, M. M., Shaw, D. S., & Ingoldsby, E. M. (2003). Mother-son positive synchrony in middle childhood: Relation to antisocial behavior. Social Development, 12(3), 379–400. CrossRef
- Crowell, J., Pan, H., Goa, Y., Treboux, D., O’Connor, E., & Waters, E. B. (1998). The secure base scoring system for adults. Version 2.0. Stonybrook, NY: Unpublished manuscript. State University of New York at Stonybrook.
- Eaton, N. R., Krueger, R. F., Johnson, W., McGue, M., & Iacono, W. G. (2009). Parental monitoring, personality, and delinquency: Further support for a reconceptualization of monitoring. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(1), 49–59. CrossRef
- Enders, C. K. (2001). The performance of the full information maximum likelihood estimator in multiple regression models with missing data. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61(5), 713–740.
- Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Dittus, P., & Bouris, A. M. (2006). Parental expertise, trustworthiness, and accessibility: Parent-adolescent communication and adolescent risk behavior. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 1229–1246. CrossRef
- Haynes, C., & Katz, L. F. (1993). The asset coding manual: Adolescent social skills evaluation technique: Unpublished manuscript. Seattle: University of Washington.
- Ho, M. (2004). Adolescent attachment to parents: predicting later adolescent rejection sensitivity. In D. Welsh (Chair) The development of adolescent romantic relationships: The role of attachment, poster symposium presented at the 10th Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Baltimore, MD.
- Hutchinson, M. K., Jemmott, J. B., III., Jemmott, L. S., Braverman, P., & Fong, G. T. (2003). The role of mother-daughter sexual risk communication in reducing sexual risk behaviors among urban adolescent females: A prospective study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(2), 98–107. CrossRef
- Julien, D., Markman, H., Lindahl, K., Johnson, H., Van Widenfelt, B., & Herskovitz, J. (1997). The interactional dimensions coding system. Denver, CO: Unpublished manuscript. University of Denver.
- Kafka, R. R., & London, P. (1991). Communication in relationships and adolescent substance use: The influence of parents and friends. Adolescence, 26(103), 587–598.
- Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36(3), 366–380. CrossRef
- Mazur, M. A., & Hubbard, A. S. E. (2004). ‘Is there something I should know?’ Topic avoidant responses in parent-adolescent communication. Communication Reports, 17(1), 27–37.
- Muthén, B. O., & Muthén, L. K. (2008). Mplus (Verson 5.0). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
- Perkins, S. A., & Turiel, E. (2007). To lie or not to lie: To whom and under what circumstances. Child Development, 78(2), 609–621. CrossRef
- Pettit, G. S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Criss, M. M. (2001). Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development, 72(2), 583–598. CrossRef
- Raykov, T. (2005). Analysis of longitudinal studies with missing data using covariance structure modeling with full-information maximum likelihood. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 12(3), 493–505. CrossRef
- Schaefer, E. S. (1965). Children’s reports of parental behavior: An inventory. Child Development, 36(2), 413–424. CrossRef
- Schludermann, E., & Schludermann, S. (1970). Replicability of factors in children’s report of parent behavior (CRPBI). Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 76(2), 239–249. CrossRef
- Schludermann, S., & Schludermann, E. (1988). Notes of the CRPBI-30. Unpublished document, Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Canada.
- Smetana, J. G., & Daddis, C. (2002). Domain-specific antecedents of parental psychological control and monitoring: The role of parenting beliefs and practices. Child Development, 73(2), 563–580. CrossRef
- Smetana, J. G., Metzger, A., Gettman, D. C., & Campione-Barr, N. (2006). Disclosure and secrecy in adolescent-parent relationships. Child Development, 77(1), 201–217. CrossRef
- Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behavior: An integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 305–318. CrossRef
- Vazire, S., & Mehl, M. R. (2008). Knowing me, knowing you: The accuracy and unique predictive validity of self-ratings and other-ratings of daily behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1202–1216. CrossRef
- Waizenhofer, R. N., Buchanan, C. M., & Jackson-Newsom, J. (2004). Mothers’ and fathers’ knowledge of adolescents’ daily activities: Its sources and its links with adolescent adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 18(2), 348–360. CrossRef
- Maternal Acceptance and Adolescents’ Emotional Communication: A Longitudinal Study
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume 40, Issue 6 , pp 744-751
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors