Albertsen, E. J., O’Connor, L., & Berry, J. W. (2006). Religion and interpersonal guilt: Variations across ethnicity and spirituality. Mental Health Religion & Culture,
, 67–84. doi:10.1080/13694670500040484
Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
, 427–453. doi:10.1007/BF02202939
Barber, B. L., Eccles, J. S., & Stone, M. R. (2001). Whatever happened to the jock, the brain, and the princess? Young adult pathways linked to adolescent activity involvement and social identity. Journal of Adolescent Research,
, 429–455. doi:10.1177/0743558401165002
Bartko, W. T., & Eccles, J. E. (2003). Adolescent participation in structured and unstructured activities: A person-centered analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Beeghley, L., Van Velsor, E., & Bock, E. W. (1981). The correlates of religiosity among Black and White Americans. The Sociological Quarterly,
, 403–412. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.1981.tb00670.x
Benda, B., & Corwyn, R. F. (1997). A test of a model with reciprocal effects between religiosity and various forms of delinquency using 2-stage least squares regression. Journal of Social Service Research,
, 27–52. doi:10.1300/J079v22n03_02
Busseri, M. A., Rose-Krasnor, L., Willoughby, T., & Chalmers, H. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of breadth and intensity of youth activity involvement and successful development. Developmental Psychology,
, 1316–1326. doi:10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.2063
Clark, W. (2003). Pockets of belief: Religious attendance patterns in Canada. Canadian Social Trends, 1–5.
Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology,
, S95–S120. doi:10.1086/228943
Crouter, A. C., MacDermid, S. M., McHale, S. M., & Perry-Jenkins, M. (1990). Parental monitoring and perceptions of children’s school performance and conduct in dual- and single-earner families. Developmental Psychology,
, 649–657. doi:10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.119
Csikszentmihalyi, M., Rathunde, K. R., Whalen, S., & Wong, M. (1993). Talented teenagers: The roots of success and failure. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Darling, N. (2005). Participation in extracurricular activities and adolescent adjustment: Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
, 493–505. doi:10.1007/s10964-005-7266-8
Donovan, J. E., Jessor, R., & Costa, F. M. (1988). Syndrome of problem behavior in adolescence: A replication. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Dowling, E. M., Gestsdottir, S., Anderson, P. M., von Eye, A., & Lerner, R. M. (2003). Spirituality, religiosity, and thriving among adolescents: Identification and confirmation of factor structures. Applied Developmental Science,
Dworkin, J. B., Larson, R., & Hansen, D. (2003). Adolescents’ accounts of growth experiences in youth activities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Eccles, J. S., & Barber, B. L. (1999). Student council, volunteering, basketball, or marching band: What kind of extracurricular involvement matters? Journal of Adolescent Research,
Erikson, E. H. (1964). Insight and responsibility. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Fauth, R. C., Roth, J. L., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2007). Does the neighborhood context alter the link between youth’s after-school time activities and developmental outcomes? A multilevel analysis. Developmental Psychology,
Fletcher, A. C., Newsome, D., Nikerson, P., & Bazley, R. (2001). Social network closure and child adjustment. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly,
Fletcher, A. C., Steinber, L., & Williams-Wheeler, M. (2004). Parental influences on adolescent problem behavior: Revisiting Stattin and Kerr. Child Development,
Frankel, B. G., & Hewitt, W. E. (1994). Religion and well-being among Canadian university students: The role of faith groups on campus. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Ginsburg, G., La Greca, A., & Silverman, W. (1998). Social anxiety in children with anxiety disorders: Relation with social and emotional functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,
Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2006). The role of spirituality versus religiosity in adolescent psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2007). The identity formation experiences of church-attending rural adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research,
Hansen, D. M., Larson, R. W., & Dworkin, J. B. (2003). What adolescents learn in organized youth activities: A survey of self-reported developmental experiences? Journal of Research on Adolescence,
Hood, R. W., & Belzen, J. A. (2005). Research methods in the psychology of religion. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), The handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 62–79). New York: Guilford Press.
Hunsberger, B., Pratt, M., & Pancer, S. M. (2001). Adolescent identity formation: Religious exploration and commitment. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research,
Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. L. (1977). Problem behavior and psychological development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.
Kerestes, M., Youniss, J., & Metz, E. (2004). Longitudinal patterns of religious perspective and civic integration. Applied Developmental Science,
Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology,
King, P. E., & Furrow, J. L. (2004). Religion as a resource for positive youth development: Religion, social capital, and moral outcomes. Developmental Psychology,
Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1998). God as a substitute attachment figure: A longitudinal study of adult attachment style and religious change in college students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,
Koenig, L. B., McGue, M., & Iacono, W. G. (2008). Stability and change in religiousness during emerging adulthood. Developmental Psychology,
Kox, W., Meeus, W., & Hart, H. (1991). Religious conversion of adolescents: Testing the Lofland and Stark model of religious conversion. Sociological Analysis,
Larson, R. W., Hansen, D. M., & Moneta, G. (2006). Differing profiles of developmental experiences across types of organized youth activities. Developmental Psychology,
Larson, R. W., Richards, M. H., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G., & Duckett, E. (1996). Changes in adolescents’ daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: Disengagement and transformation. Developmental Psychology,
Lerner, R. M., Dowling, E. M., & Anderson, P. M. (2003). Positive youth development: Thriving as a basis of personhood and civil society. Applied Developmental Science,
Mahoney, J. L. (2000). School extracurricular activity participation as a moderator in the development of antisocial patterns. Child Development,
Mahoney, J. L., & Cairns, R. B. (1997). Do extracurricular activities protect against early school dropout? Developmental Psychology,
Mahoney, J. L., Cairns, B. D., & Farmer, T. W. (2003). Promoting interpersonal competence and educational success through extracurricular activity participation. Journal of Educational Psychology,
Mahoney, A., Pendleton, S., & Ihrke, H. (2006). Religious coping by children and adolescents: Unexplored territory in the realm of spiritual development. In E. C. Roehlkepartain, P. E. Ebstyne, L. Wagener, & P. Benson (Eds.), The handbook of spiritual development in childhood and adolescence (pp. 341–354). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mahoney, J. L., Schweder, A. E., & Stattin, H. (2002). Structured after-school activities as a moderator of depressed mood for adolescents with detached relations to their parents. Journal of Community Psychology,
Markstrom, C. A., Li, X., Blackshire, S. L., & Wilfong, J. J. (2005). Ego strength development of adolescents involved in adult-sponsored structured activities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Maton, K. I., & Rappaport, J. (1984). Empowerment in a religious setting: A multivariate investigation. Prevention in Human Services,
Maton, K. I., & Wells, E. A. (1995). Religion as a community resource for well-being. Prevention, healing, and empowerment pathways. Journal of Social Issues,
Meeus, W., Iedema, J., Maassen, G., & Engels, R. (2005). Separation-individual revisited: On the interplay between parent-adolescent relations, identity, and emotional adjustment in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence,
Miller, A. S., & Hoffman, J. P. (1995). Risk and religion: An explanation of gender differences in religiosity. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Newberg, A. B., & Newberg, S. K. (2005). The neuropsychology of religious and spiritual experience. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), The psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 199–215). New York: Guilford Press.
Pendleton, S. M., Cavalli, K. S., Pargament, K. I., & Nasr, S. Z. (2002). Religious/spiritual coping in childhood cystic fibrosis: A qualitative study. Pediatrics,
Persson, A., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2007). Staying in or moving away from structured activities: Explanations involving parents and peers. Developmental Psychology,
Pettit, G. S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Criss, M. M. (2001). Adolescents and behaviour-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development,
Radloff, L. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement,
Raudenbush, W. W., Bryk, A. S., & Congdon, R. T. (2005). HLM6: Hierarchical linear and nonlinear modeling. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
Raymore, L. A., Barber, B. L., & Eccles, J. S. (2001). Leaving home, attending college, partnership and parenthood: The role of life transition events in leisure pattern stability from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
Regnerus, M. D. (2002). Shaping schooling success: Religious socialization and educational outcomes in metropolitan public schools. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Regnerus, M. D., & Elder, G. H. (2003). Religion and vulnerability among low-risk adolescents. Social Science Research,
Regnerus, M. D., & Uecker, J. E. (2006). Finding faith, losing faith: The prevalence and context of religious transformations during adolescence. Review of Religious Research,
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist,
Ryan, M., Rigby, S., & King, K. (1993). Two types of religious internalization and their relations to religious orientations and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Schafer, J. L., & Graham, J. W. (2002). Missing data: Our view of the state of the art. Psychological Methods,
Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smith, C. (2003a). Theorizing religious effects among American adolescents. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Smith, C. (2003b). Religious participation and network closure among American adolescents. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Smith, C., & Denton, M. L. (2005). Soul searching: The religious and spiritual lives of American teenagers. Oxford.
Smith, C., Denton, M. L., Faris, R., & Regnerus, M. (2002). Mapping American adolescent religious participation. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behavior: An integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as interventing variables. Developmental Psychology, 42
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., Luyckx, K., Goossens, L., Bevers, W., et al. (2007). Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: Adolescent perceptions of promotion of independence versus promotion of volitional functioning. Developmental Psychology,
Stark, R. (2002). Physiology and faith: Addressing the “universal” gender differences in religious commitment. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Statistics Canada. (2001a, May 30). National longitudinal survey of children and youth: Participation in activities. The Daily.
Retrieved July 3, 2008, http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/010530/d010530a.htm
Statistics Canada. (2001b). Population by ethnic origin
. Retrieved April 6, 2003, http://www12.statcan.ca
Statistics Canada. (2001c). Religion and sex for population, for Canada.
Retrieved July 3, 2008, www12.statcan.ca
Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development,
Townsend, L., Flisher, A. J., & King, G. (2007). A systematic review of the relationship between high school dropout and substance use. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review,
Weinberger, D., Tublin, S., Fored, M., & Feldman, S. (1990). Preadolescents’ social-emotional adjustment and selective attrition in family research. Child Development,
Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., & Busseri, M. A. (2004). Where is the syndrome? Examining co-occurrence among multiple problem behaviors in adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Youniss, J., McLellan, J. A., Su, Y., & Yates, M. (1999). The role of community service in identity development: Normative, unconventional, and deviant orientations. Journal of Adolescent Research,
Youniss, J., Yates, M., & Su, Y. (1997). Social integration: Community service and marijuana use in high school seniors. Journal of Adolescent Research,
Zinnbauer, B. J., & Pargament, K. I. (1998). Spiritual conversion: A study of religious change among college students. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,