Empirical Research

Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 1085-1096

Sexual Debut Timing and Depressive Symptoms in Emerging Adulthood

  • Aubrey L. SpriggsAffiliated withDepartment of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel HillCarolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Email author 
  • , Carolyn Tucker HalpernAffiliated withDepartment of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel HillCarolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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Abstract

The association between sexual debut timing and depressive symptomatology in adolescence and emerging adulthood was examined using data from Waves I, II and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Respondents who reported never having sexual intercourse at Wave I and were 18–22 years of age at Wave III were included (n = 5,061). Twenty percent of respondents experienced early (<age 16) and 49% experienced typical (ages 16–18) sexual debut. In bivariate analyses, pre-debut depressive symptoms were associated with earlier sexual debut among female but not male adolescents. In models adjusting for demographic characteristics and pre-debut depressive symptoms, sexual debut was positively related to adolescent (Wave II) depressive symptomatology, but only among female adolescents age less than sixteen. However, sexual debut timing was unassociated with emerging adult (Wave III) depressive symptomatology for both male and female respondents. Findings suggest sexual debut timing does not have implications for depressive symptomatology beyond adolescence.

Keywords

Sexual initiation Longitudinal Depression Sex differences