Original Paper

The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 295-312

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Critical Time Intervention: An Empirically Supported Model for Preventing Homelessness in High Risk Groups

  • Daniel HermanAffiliated withCenter for Homelessness Prevention Studies, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia UniversityNew York State Psychiatric Institute Email author 
  • , Sarah ConoverAffiliated withCenter for Homelessness Prevention Studies, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
  • , Alan FelixAffiliated withCenter for Homelessness Prevention Studies, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia UniversityDepartment of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
  • , Aman NakagawaAffiliated withInstitute for Community Living, Inc.
  • , Danika MillsAffiliated withInstitute for Community Living, Inc.

Abstract

Critical Time Intervention (CTI) is designed to prevent recurrent homelessness among persons with severe mental illness by enhancing continuity of care during the transition from institutional to community living. After providing the background and rationale of CTI, we describe the elements of the model and summarize the status of existing research on its effectiveness. We then briefly illustrate how the CTI model has begun to be adapted and implemented by providing a case example of a homeless woman’s transition from shelter to housing. Finally, we consider plans for the further adaptation, testing and dissemination of CTI in other populations and service delivery settings.

Keywords

Case management Effective prevention strategies Homelessness Mental illness Program implementation