Article

Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 599-617

Implementing Community-Based Prevention Programming: A Review of the Literature

  • Sandra StithAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia TechHuman Development Department, Virginia Tech Email author 
  • , Irene PruittAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia Tech
  • , Jemeg DeesAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia Tech
  • , Michael FronceAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia Tech
  • , Narkia GreenAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia Tech
  • , Anurag SomAffiliated withMarriage and Family Therapy Program, Virginia Tech
  • , David LinkhAffiliated withUnited States Air Force

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In this review of literature we identify consensually validated conclusions and recommendations for implementing community based prevention programming. The general recommendations identified from the literature are as follows: (1) a community must be ready for a prevention program, (2) effective community coalitions must be developed, (3) programming must fit the community, (4) program fidelity should be maintained, and (5) adequate resources, training, technical assistance, and attention to evaluation are necessary. The existing research and expert opinion in the field of prevention science indicate that when these crucial recommendations are incorporated into community prevention practice, the effectiveness of prevention efforts is optimized.

KEY WORDS

community prevention program implementation effective prevention strategies