Cultural and Social Influences on Adolescent Smoking Dissipate by Emerging Adulthood Among Hispanics in Southern California
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- Allem, JP., Soto, D.W., Baezconde-Garbanati, L. et al. J Immigrant Minority Health (2015) 17: 192. doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9910-9
The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors for smoking among Hispanic adolescents and determine whether these factors continued to influence smoking into emerging adulthood. Data were drawn from 932 Hispanics in the greater Los Angeles area who were surveyed in high school in 2007 and then again in emerging adulthood from 2010 to 2012. Logistic regression assessed the associations between predictors in adolescence and smoking in adolescence while an order one transition logistic model assessed predictors in adolescence and smoking in emerging adulthood. Adult and sibling smoking status, perceptions of smoking, perceived discrimination, and fatalism all influenced smoking in adolescence but not in emerging adulthood. Once Hispanics reach emerging adulthood different tactics to reduce smoking will be needed and are where future research should be directed.