Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 111–118

Ethnicity and Self-Perceived Oral Health in Colombia: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Authors

    • Department of Basic Studies, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Antioquia
  • Eliana Martínez-Herrera
    • National School of Public HealthUniversity of Antioquia
  • Adriana Posada-López
    • Department of Basic Studies, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Antioquia
  • Danilo Sánchez-Patiño
    • Department of Basic Studies, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Antioquia
  • Yomaira Viñas-Sarmiento
    • Department of Basic Studies, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Antioquia
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-013-9844-2

Cite this article as:
Agudelo-Suárez, A.A., Martínez-Herrera, E., Posada-López, A. et al. J Immigrant Minority Health (2014) 16: 111. doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9844-2

Abstract

To estimate the association between self-perceived oral health indicators and ethnic origin in Colombia, a cross-sectional study (Information from the 2007 National Public Health Survey) was conducted. Variables: belonging to an ethnic group (Exposure); oral health indicators (Outcomes); sex, age, education and self-rated health (control). Analyses were carried out separately for men (M) and women (W). The association between the exposure variable and the outcomes was estimated by means of adjusted odds ratio (OR) with confidence intervals (95 % CI) using logistic regression. Men were more likely to report gum bleeding (aOR 1.78; 95 % CI 1.44–2.23) and dental caries (aOR 1.69; 95 % CI 1.42–2.02), while women were more likely to report unmet dental needs (aOR 1.43; 95 % CI 1.27–1.49) and dental caries (aOR 1.34; 95 % CI 1.22–1.47). Indigenous and Palenquero were more likely to report most of the indicators analyzed. Minority ethnic groups in Colombia were at risk to report oral health problems.

Keywords

Ethnicity Oral health Health surveys Inequalities Colombia

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013