Original Paper

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 390-397

Acute Viral Hepatitis in the United States–Mexico Border Region: Data from the Border Infectious Disease Surveillance (BIDS) Project, 2000–2009

  • Philip R. SpradlingAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Email author 
  • , Jian XingAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Alba PhippardAffiliated withDivision of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Maureen Fonseca-FordAffiliated withDivision of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Sonia MontielAffiliated withDivision of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Norma Luna GuzmánAffiliated withGeneral Directorate of Epidemiology
  • , Roberto Vázquez CampuzanoAffiliated withNational Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference
  • , Gilberto VaughanAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Guo-liang XiaAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • , Jan DrobeniucAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • , Saleem KamiliAffiliated withDivision of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • , Ricardo Cortés-AlcaláAffiliated withGeneral Directorate of Epidemiology
    • , Stephen H. WatermanAffiliated withDivision of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • , the BIDS Investigators

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Abstract

Little is known about the characteristics of acute viral hepatitis cases in the United States (US)–Mexico border region. We analyzed characteristics of acute viral hepatitis cases collected from the Border Infectious Disease Surveillance Project from January 2000–December 2009. Over the study period, 1,437 acute hepatitis A, 311 acute hepatitis B, and 362 acute hepatitis C cases were reported from 5 Mexico and 2 US sites. Mexican hepatitis A cases most frequently reported close personal contact with a known case, whereas, US cases most often reported cross-border travel. Injection drug use was common among Mexican and US acute hepatitis B and C cases. Cross-border travel during the incubation period was common among acute viral hepatitis cases in both countries. Assiduous adherence to vaccination and prevention guidelines in the US is needed and strategic implementation of hepatitis vaccination and prevention programs south of the border should be considered.

Keywords

Acute viral hepatitis Border Mexico Surveillance