Original Paper

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 427-436

The Border Community and Immigration Stress Scale: A Preliminary Examination of a Community Responsive Measure in Two Southwest Samples

  • Scott C. CarvajalAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona Email author 
  • , Cecilia RosalesAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
  • , Raquel Rubio-GoldsmithAffiliated withDepartment of Mexican-American Studies, University of Arizona
  • , Samantha SaboAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
  • , Maia IngramAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
  • , Debra Jean McClellandAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
  • , Floribella RedondoAffiliated withCampesinos Sin Fronteras
  • , Emma TorresAffiliated withCampesinos Sin Fronteras
  • , Andrea J. RomeroAffiliated withDepartment of Mexican-American Studies, University of ArizonaSchool of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Arizona
    • , Anna Ochoa O’LearyAffiliated withDepartment of Mexican-American Studies, University of ArizonaCoalicion de Derechos Humanos
    • , Zoila SanchezAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona
    • , Jill Guernsey de ZapienAffiliated withDepartment of Health Behavior Health Promotion, Arizona Prevention Research Center, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona

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Abstract

Understanding contemporary socio-cultural stressors may assist educational, clinical and policy-level health promotion efforts. This study presents descriptive findings on a new measure, the border community and immigration stress scale. The data were from two community surveys as part of community based participatory projects conducted in the Southwestern US border region. This scale includes stressful experiences reflected in extant measures, with new items reflecting heightened local migration pressures and health care barriers. Stressors representing each main domain, including novel ones, were reported with frequency and at high intensity in the predominantly Mexican-descent samples. Total stress was also significantly associated with mental and physical health indicators. The study suggests particularly high health burdens tied to the experience of stressors in the US border region. Further, many of the stressors are also likely relevant for other communities within developed nations also experiencing high levels of migration.

Keywords

Acculturation Stress Health Depression Latinos/Latinas