Well-Being at Work: Some Differences Between Life Satisfaction and Personal Growth as Predictors of Subjective Health and Sick-Leave
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- Straume, L.V. & Vittersø, J. J Happiness Stud (2015) 16: 149. doi:10.1007/s10902-014-9502-y
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Happiness researchers have begun to study how well-being affects health, in addition to how health influences well-being. The present article follows this trend by reviewing how two separate dimensions of well-being, life satisfaction and personal growth, predict subjective health and sick-leave in distinct ways. It is hypothesized that the two well-being concepts are only moderately correlated with each other, and differently related to subjective health and sick-leave in organizations. Data are from Norwegian job-holders (N = 475). The results show that life satisfaction was negatively related to sick-leave, and this relation was mediated by subjective health. Personal growth was positively related to sick-leave, and this relation was not influenced by subjective health. The difference between life satisfaction and personal growth reflects a critical element in the concept of human well-being that should be considered when designing organizational initiatives aimed at promoting satisfaction, learning opportunities, health and decreasing sick-leave.