Research Paper

Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 1145-1161

Self-Construal and Psychological Wellbeing in Scottish and Italian Young Adults

  • Elaine DuncanAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology and Allied Health Sciences, School of Health and Life Science, Glasgow Caledonian University
  • , Veronica OrnaghiAffiliated withFaculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Human Sciences R. Massa, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
  • , Ilaria GrazzaniAffiliated withFaculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Human Sciences R. Massa, Università degli Studi di Milano-BicoccaFacoltà di Scienze della Formazione, Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca Email author 

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Abstract

The present study investigated the role of self-construal in explaining psychological wellbeing in two European countries. Eight hundred and fifteen Italian and Scottish students completed measures of life-satisfaction, optimism, subjective happiness and a scale measuring interdependent and/or independent self-construal. We obtained three main findings. First of all, scores on the scales of psychological wellbeing were positively associated with scores on the independent scale and independence was found to be the factor that best explained variance in psychological wellbeing. Second, and contrary to our prediction, the Italian group had significantly higher scores for the independence scale than Scots. Third, gender was found to have a significant effect with regard to interdependence of self, life satisfaction, and optimism.

Keywords

Psychological wellbeing Happiness Self-construal Culture