Happiness and Well-Being of Young Carers: Extent, Nature and Correlates of Caring Among 10 and 11 Year Old School Children
- Katrina Lloyd
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Young carers often take on practical and/or emotional caring responsibilities that would normally be expected of an adult. For many of these children and young people, caring has been shown to have a detrimental effect on their lives. For example, caring at a young age appears to be associated with poor health and well-being, bullying and poorer educational outcomes. However, previous research has tended to be retrospective, carried out using small surveys of secondary school-aged children or to use qualitative methods with young people associated with caring projects. In contrast, little is known about the extent and nature of caring undertaken by younger children. This paper reports findings from a random sample survey of 10 and 11 year old children in the final year of their primary school education. 4,192 children completed the Kids’ Life and Times (KLT) online survey in 2011. Twelve percent of respondents to KLT said they helped look after someone in their household who was sick, elderly or disabled. Supporting previous qualitative research, this survey showed that children who were carers had poorer health and well-being, reported less happiness with their lives, were more likely to be bullied at school and had poorer educational aspirations and outcomes than their peers who were not carers. These findings suggest that teachers need to discuss the issue of caring with children in the classroom in a general and supportive way so that young carers feel able to confide in them and seek support if they need it.
- Acock, A. C. (2006). A gentle introduction to Stata. USA: Stata Press.
- ARK. (2010). Young life and times survey, [computer file]. ARK. www.ark.ac.uk/ylt [distributor]. Accessed August 9, 2011.
- BBC. (1999, March 14). Health burden of young carers. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/290046.stm. Accessed August 9, 2011.
- BBC. (2010, November 16). ‘Hidden army’ of young carers could be four times as high as official figures. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2010/11_november/16/carers.shtml. Accessed August 2, 2011.
- Becker, S. (2007). Global perspectives on children’s unpaid caregiving in the family: Research and policy on ‘young carers’ in the UK, Australia, the USA and Sub-Saharan Africa. Global Social Policy, 7, 23–48. CrossRef
- Becker, S. (2008). Informal family carers. In K. Wilson, G. Ruch, M. Lymbery, & A. Cooper (Eds.), Social work: An introduction to contemporary practice (pp. 431–460). London: Pearson Longman.
- Becker, F., & Becker, S. (2008). Young adult carers in the UK: Experiences, needs and services for carers aged 16–24. London: The Princess Royal Trust for Carers.
- Bibby, A., & Becker, S. (2000). Young carers in their own words. London: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.
- Cohen, J. (1969). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Cree, V. E. (2003). Worries and problems of young carers: Issues for mental health. Child and Family Social Work, 8(4), 301–309. CrossRef
- Dearden, C., & Becker, S. (2000). Growing up caring: Vulnerability and transition to adulthood—Young carers’ experiences. London: Youth Work Press and Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
- Dearden, C., & Becker, S. (2004). Young carers in the UK: The 2004 report. London: Carers UK.
- Department of Education Northern Ireland. (2011). Qualifications and Destinations of Northern Ireland School Leavers 2009/2010. http://www.deni.gov.uk/qualifications_and_destinations_2009_10.pdf. Accessed August 16, 2011.
- Devine, P. & Lloyd, K. (2008). Young carers. Belfast: ARK. http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update56.pdf. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Earley, L., Cushway, D., & Cassidy, T. (2007). Children’s perceptions and experiences of care giving: A focus group study. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 20(1), 69–80. CrossRef
- Evason, E. (2004). Who cares? Belfast: ARK. http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update27.pdf. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Ferguson, H., & Devine, P. (2011). An ordinary life? Caring in Northern Ireland today. Belfast: ARK. http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update75.pdf. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Gallagher, T. & Smith, A. (2000). The effects of the selective system of secondary education in Northern Ireland. Bangor: Department of Education for Northern Ireland. http://www.deni.gov.uk/22-ppa_gallagherandsmith_mainreport.pdf. Accessed August 4, 2011.
- Hicks, S., Newton, J., Haynes, J., & Evans, J. (2011). Measuring children’s and young people’s well-being. UK: ONS. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/nojournal/sp-cyp-final.pdf. Accessed August 10, 2011.
- Holder, M. D., & Coleman, B. (2009). The contribution of social relationships to children’s happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10, 329–349. CrossRef
- Joseph, S., Becker, S., Becker, F., & Regel, S. (2009). Assessment of caring and its effects in young people: Development of the Multidimensional Assessment of Caring Activities Checklist (MACA-YC18) and the Positive and Negative Outcomes of Caring Questionnaire (PANOC-YC20) for young carers. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(4), 510–520. CrossRef
- Lloyd, K. (2011). Kids’ life and times: Using an internet survey to measure children’s health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 20(1), 37–44. CrossRef
- Lloyd, K., & Devine, P. (2010). Using the internet to give children a voice. Field Methods, 22(3), 270–289. CrossRef
- Lloyd, K., Devine, P., & Robinson, G. (2011). Happiest days of our lives? Belfast: ARK. http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update73.pdf. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- ONS. (2011). Measuring National Well-being. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171766_240726.pdf. Accessed November 17, 2011.
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M., Rajmil, L., Herdman, M., Auquier, P., Bruil, J., et al. (2010). Reliability, construct and criterion validity of the KIDSCREEN-10 score: A short measure for children and adolescents’ well-being and health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 19, 1487–1500. CrossRef
- Sahoo, R., & Suar, D. (2010). Influence of social environment on young carers, assistance and consequences of caregiving. Psychological Studies, 55(4), 323–329. CrossRef
- The KIDSCREEN Group Europe. (2006). The KIDSCREEN questionnaires: Quality of life questionnaires for children and adolescents handbook. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.
- UNICEF. (2007). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries, Innocenti Report Card 7. http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/rc7_eng.pdf. Accessed August 10, 2011.
- Warren, J. (2005). Carers: How the lives of young carers differ from those of young non-carers and how their efforts sometimes go unsupported. Research Matters, 19, 5–10.
- Warren, J. (2007). Young carers: Conventional or exaggerated levels of involvement in domestic and caring tasks? Children and Society, 2, 136–146.
- Happiness and Well-Being of Young Carers: Extent, Nature and Correlates of Caring Among 10 and 11 Year Old School Children
Journal of Happiness Studies
Volume 14, Issue 1 , pp 67-80
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Educational achievement
- Katrina Lloyd (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Education, Queen’s University Belfast, 69/71 University Street, Belfast, BT7 1HL, UK