Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 187–201

Letters of Gratitude: Further Evidence for Author Benefits

Authors

    • Human Development and Family Studies, School of Lifespan Development and Educational SciencesKent State University
  • Kelly Cichy
    • Human Development and Family Studies, School of Lifespan Development and Educational SciencesKent State University
  • Patti Peters
    • Bureau of Research Training
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10902-011-9257-7

Cite this article as:
Toepfer, S.M., Cichy, K. & Peters, P. J Happiness Stud (2012) 13: 187. doi:10.1007/s10902-011-9257-7

Abstract

This study examined the effects of writing letters of gratitude on three primary qualities of well-being; happiness (positive affect), life-satisfaction (cognitive evaluation), and depression (negative affect). Gratitude was also assessed. Participants included 219 men and women who wrote three letters of gratitude over a 3 week period. A two-way mixed method ANOVA with a between factor (writers vs. non-writers) and within subject factor (time of testing) analysis was conducted. Results indicated that writing letters of gratitude increased participants’ happiness and life satisfaction, while decreasing depressive symptoms. The implications of this approach for intervention are discussed.

Keywords

Well-beingHappinessLife satisfactionGratitudeWritingLettersIntentional activity

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011