Research Paper

Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 225-243

First online:

Europeans Work to Live and Americans Live to Work (Who is Happy to Work More: Americans or Europeans?)

  • Adam Okulicz-KozarynAffiliated withInstitute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University Email author 

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This paper compares the working hours and life satisfaction of Americans and Europeans using the World Values Survey, Eurobarometer and General Social Survey. The purpose is to explore the relationship between working hours and happiness in Europe and America. Previous research on the topic does not test the premise that working more makes Americans happier than Europeans. The findings suggest that Americans may be happier working more because they believe more than Europeans do that hard work is associated with success.


Life satisfaction Working hours Europe USA