Europeans Work to Live and Americans Live to Work (Who is Happy to Work More: Americans or Europeans?)
- Adam Okulicz-Kozaryn
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This paper compares the working hours and life satisfaction of Americans and Europeans using the World Values Survey, Eurobarometer and General Social Survey. The purpose is to explore the relationship between working hours and happiness in Europe and America. Previous research on the topic does not test the premise that working more makes Americans happier than Europeans. The findings suggest that Americans may be happier working more because they believe more than Europeans do that hard work is associated with success.
- Alesina, A., Di Tella, R., & MacCulloch, R. (2004). Inequality and happiness: Are Europeans and Americans different? Journal of Public Economics, 88, 2009–2042. CrossRef
- Alesina, A., Glaeser, E. L., & Sacerdote B. (2005). Work and leisure in the U.S. and Europe: Why so different? Working Paper 11278, National Bureau of Economic Research.
- Benahold, K. (2004, July 29). Love of leisure and Europe’s reasons. The New York Times.
- Clark, A. E., & Senik, C. (2006). The (unexpected) structure of rents on the French and British labour markets. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 180–196. CrossRef
- Diener, E., Suh, E. M., & Lucas R. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302. CrossRef
- Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? In P. A. David & M. W. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramovitz (pp. 98–125), New York: Academic Press, Inc.
- Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 27, 35–47. CrossRef
- Easterlin, R. A. (2001). Income and happiness: Towards a unified theory. Economic Journal, 111, 465–484. CrossRef
- Easterlin, R. A. (2003). Explaining happiness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100, 11176–11183. CrossRef
- Easterlin, R. A. (2005). Building a better theory of well-being. In L. Bruni & P. L. Porta (Eds.), Economics and happiness. Framing the analysis (pp. 29–65). Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
- Ferguson, N. (2003, June 8). Why America outpaces Europe (Clue: The God Factor). The New York Times.
- Frijters, P., & Leigh, A. (2008). Materialism on the March: From conspicuous leisure to conspicuous consumption? Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1937–1945. CrossRef
- Golden, L., & Wiens-Tuers B. (2006). To your happiness? Extra hours of labor supply and worker well-being). The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 382–397. CrossRef
- Long, J. S. (1997). Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables, SAGE Publications, 2nd ed.
- Michelacci, C., & Pijoan-Mas J. (2007a). The effects of labor market conditions on working time: The US-EU experience. CEPR Discussion Paper, 6314.
- Michelacci, C. (2007b). Why do Americans work more than Europeans? Differences in Career Prospects. CEPR Policy Insight, 12.
- Myers, D. G. (2000). The funds, friends, and faith of happy people. American Psychologist, 55, 56–67. CrossRef
- Myers, D. G., & Diener, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6, 10–19. CrossRef
- Oswald, A. J. (1997). Happiness and economic performance. Economic Journal, 107, 1815–1831. CrossRef
- Prescott, E. C. (2004). Why do Americans work so much more than Europeans? Federal Bank of Minneapolis Quarterly Review, 28, 2–13.
- Putnam, R. D. (2001). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
- Sanfey, P., & Teksoz, U. (2005). Does transition make you happy? EBRD Working Paper 58.
- Stevenson, B., & Wolfers J. (2009). The paradox of declining female happiness. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 1, 190–225. CrossRef
- Weber, M., Parsons, T., & Tawney, R. H. (2003). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Dover Value Editions). Mineola: Dover Publications.
- Wharton. (2006). Reluctant vacationers: Why Americans work more, relax less, than Europeans. http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1528.
- Europeans Work to Live and Americans Live to Work (Who is Happy to Work More: Americans or Europeans?)
Journal of Happiness Studies
Volume 12, Issue 2 , pp 225-243
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Life satisfaction
- Working hours
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA