Awareness and Prevention of Osteoporosis Among South Asian Women
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
We examined awareness of osteoporosis prevention among peri- and post-menopausal South Asian women attending two community centers in the Dallas/Fort-Worth Metroplex. We conducted a quasi-experimental study (final N = 61) assessing knowledge about osteoporosis among South Asian women (≥40 years). The mean age was 52.3 years (SD = 8.72). Over 50% were college educated and 64% had no health insurance. We administered a baseline knowledge test, followed by a health education intervention and, 2 weeks later, by a post-test. Participants received one point for each correct answer and scores were added (≤14). Participants showed a significant increase in osteoporosis knowledge post intervention (paired t 60 = −9.5, P < .01). For example, women reported highest knowledge gains on the following: adequate calcium intake is achievable from two glasses of milk a day; very thin women are at risk for developing osteoporosis, and family history of osteoporosis is a risk factor. Intervention completers were better prepared to prevent and manage osteoporosis. Results indicate the efficacy of educational intervention in improving osteoporosis awareness; and point to the potential for knowledge acquisition aimed at developing community-based prevention strategies at the community level.
- Kanis, JA, Melton, LJ, Christiansen, C, Johnston, CC, Khaltaev, N (1994) The diagnosis of osteoporosis. Journal of Bone Mineral Research 9: pp. 1137-1141 CrossRef
- Melton, L. J., III., Chrischilles, E. A., Cooper, C., Lane, A. W., & Riggs, B. L. (1992). Perspective. How many women have osteoporosis? Journal of Bone Minerals Research, 7(9), 1005–1010.
- (1993). Consensus development conference: diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of osteoporosis. American Journal of Medical, 94(6), 646–650.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2002). Screening for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Topic Page. September 2002; http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf/uspsoste.htm.
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. (2009). Fast facts on osteoporosis. http://www.nof.org/osteoporosis/diseasefacts.htm.
- Lauderdale, DS, Kuohung, V, Chang, SL, Chin, MH (2003) Identifying older Chinese immigrants at high risk for osteoporosis. Journal of General Internal Medicine 18: pp. 508-515 CrossRef
- McKenna, J, Ludwig, AF (2008) Osteoporotic Caucasian and South Asian women: a qualitative study of general practitioners’ support. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health 128: pp. 263-270 CrossRef
- Winzenberg, TM, Oldenburg, B, Frendin, S, Jones, G (2003) The design of a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure osteoporosis knowledge in women: The osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT). BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 4: pp. 17 CrossRef
- Francis, K. L., Matthews, B. L., Van Mechelen, W., Bennell, K. L., & Osborne, R. H. (2009). Effectiveness of a community-based osteoporosis education and self-management course: a wait list controlled trial. Osteoporos International, 5, 1563–1570.
- Brecher, LS, Pomerantz, SC, Snyder, BA, Janora, DM, Klotzbach-Shimomura, KM, Cavalieri, TA (2002) Osteoporosis prevention project: a model multidisciplinary educational intervention. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 102: pp. 327-335
- Kulp, JL, Rane, S, Bachmann, G (2004) Impact of preventive osteoporosis education on patient behavior: immediate and 3-month follow-up. Menopause 11: pp. 116-119 CrossRef
- Rao, SS, Singh, M, Parkar, M, Sugumaran, R (2008) Health maintenance for postmenopausal women. American Family Physician 78: pp. 583-591
- Shatrugna, V, Kulkarni, B, Kumar, PA, Rani, KU, Balakrishna, N (2005) Bone status of Indian women from a low-income group and its relationship to the nutritional status. Osteoporosis International 16: pp. 1827-1835 CrossRef
- Islam, MZ, Lamberg-Allardt, C, Karkkainen, M, Ali, SM (2003) Dietary calcium intake in premenopausal Bangladeshi women: Do socio-economic or physiological factors play a role?. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 57: pp. 674-680 CrossRef
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases. (1991). Osteoporosis education, health promotion, and research. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health.
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. (1998). Physician’s guide to prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Foundation, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Washington, DC.
- Awareness and Prevention of Osteoporosis Among South Asian Women
Journal of Community Health
Volume 35, Issue 4 , pp 392-397
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- South Asian
- Health education intervention
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6263 Harry Hines Blvd., DF01.428, Dallas, TX, 75390-9067, USA
- 2. Department of Family and Community Medicine, Division of Community Medicine, 6303 Harry Hines Blvd. DE0.206, Dallas, TX, 75390-9165, USA