Journal of Community Health

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 392–397

Awareness and Prevention of Osteoporosis Among South Asian Women

Authors

    • Department of Family and Community MedicineUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  • Nora E. Gimpel
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineDivision of Community Medicine
  • Hina Rizvi
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  • Zafreen Siddiqui
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  • Emeka Ohagi
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineDivision of Community Medicine
  • Tiffany M. Billmeier
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineDivision of Community Medicine
  • Barbara Foster
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineDivision of Community Medicine
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10900-010-9263-4

Cite this article as:
Shakil, A., Gimpel, N.E., Rizvi, H. et al. J Community Health (2010) 35: 392. doi:10.1007/s10900-010-9263-4

Abstract

We examined awareness of osteoporosis prevention among peri- and post-menopausal South Asian women attending two community centers in the Dallas/Fort-Worth Metroplex. We conducted a quasi-experimental study (final N = 61) assessing knowledge about osteoporosis among South Asian women (≥40 years). The mean age was 52.3 years (SD = 8.72). Over 50% were college educated and 64% had no health insurance. We administered a baseline knowledge test, followed by a health education intervention and, 2 weeks later, by a post-test. Participants received one point for each correct answer and scores were added (≤14). Participants showed a significant increase in osteoporosis knowledge post intervention (paired t60 = −9.5, P < .01). For example, women reported highest knowledge gains on the following: adequate calcium intake is achievable from two glasses of milk a day; very thin women are at risk for developing osteoporosis, and family history of osteoporosis is a risk factor. Intervention completers were better prepared to prevent and manage osteoporosis. Results indicate the efficacy of educational intervention in improving osteoporosis awareness; and point to the potential for knowledge acquisition aimed at developing community-based prevention strategies at the community level.

Keywords

OsteoporosisSouth AsianHealth education interventionPre-menopausalPost-menopausal

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010