Journal of Community Health

, 33:434

Factors Associated With Incarceration History Among HIV-Positive Persons Experiencing Homelessness or Imminent Risk of Homelessness

Authors

    • Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Sherri L. Pals
    • Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Daniel P. Kidder
    • Global AIDS ProgramCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Kirk Henny
    • Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • James G. Emshoff
    • Department of PsychologyGeorgia State University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9115-7

Cite this article as:
Courtenay-Quirk, C., Pals, S.L., Kidder, D.P. et al. J Community Health (2008) 33: 434. doi:10.1007/s10900-008-9115-7

Abstract

Among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) experiencing homelessness or imminent risk of homelessness, a history of incarceration may serve as a marker for ongoing risk behavior or health disparities. We examined factors associated with a history of incarceration among HIV-positive clients of housing agencies in Baltimore, Chicago, and Los Angeles (N = 581). We used logistic regression to conduct analyses. Of the 581 participants, 68% (n = 438) reported a history of incarceration: 32% (n = 182) had spent more than 1 year incarcerated. After adjustment for covariates, incarceration history was associated with having ever injected drugs, ever engaged in sex exchange, and ever experienced physical abuse. Incarceration history was also associated with having a detectable HIV viral load, better mental health, and being a biological parent. It was not associated with current risk behavior. Service providers may explore possible increased need for medical support among homeless PLWHA with a history of incarceration.

Keywords

IncarcerationHIV/AIDSHomelessnessHealth statusRisk behavior

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008