Trait Mindfulness, Problem-Gambling Severity, Altered State of Awareness and Urge to Gamble in Poker-Machine Gamblers

  • Charles F. A. McKeith
  • Adam J. Rock
  • Gavin I. Clark
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10899-016-9635-5

Cite this article as:
McKeith, C.F.A., Rock, A.J. & Clark, G.I. J Gambl Stud (2016). doi:10.1007/s10899-016-9635-5

Abstract

In Australia, poker-machine gamblers represent a disproportionate number of problem gamblers. To cultivate a greater understanding of the psychological mechanisms involved in poker-machine gambling, a repeated measures cue-reactivity protocol was administered. A community sample of 38 poker-machine gamblers was assessed for problem-gambling severity and trait mindfulness. Participants were also assessed regarding altered state of awareness (ASA) and urge to gamble at baseline, following a neutral cue, and following a gambling cue. Results indicated that: (a) urge to gamble significantly increased from neutral cue to gambling cue, while controlling for baseline urge; (b) cue-reactive ASA did not significantly mediate the relationship between problem-gambling severity and cue-reactive urge (from neutral cue to gambling cue); (c) trait mindfulness was significantly negatively associated with both problem-gambling severity and cue-reactive urge (i.e., from neutral cue to gambling cue, while controlling for baseline urge); and (d) trait mindfulness did not significantly moderate the effect of problem-gambling severity on cue-reactive urge (from neutral cue to gambling cue). This is the first study to demonstrate a negative association between trait mindfulness and cue-reactive urge to gamble in a population of poker-machine gamblers. Thus, this association merits further evaluation both in relation to poker-machine gambling and other gambling modalities.

Keywords

Poker-machines Gambling cue-reactivity Trait mindfulness Altered state of awareness Slot-machines Urge 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles F. A. McKeith
    • 1
  • Adam J. Rock
    • 1
  • Gavin I. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Behavioural, Cognitive, and Social SciencesUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia

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