Original Paper

Journal of Global Optimization

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 459-471

First online:

A powerful and efficient algorithm for numerical function optimization: artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm

  • Dervis KarabogaAffiliated withDepartment of Computer Engineering, Erciyes University
  • , Bahriye BasturkAffiliated withDepartment of Computer Engineering, Erciyes University Email author 

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Swarm intelligence is a research branch that models the population of interacting agents or swarms that are able to self-organize. An ant colony, a flock of birds or an immune system is a typical example of a swarm system. Bees’ swarming around their hive is another example of swarm intelligence. Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) Algorithm is an optimization algorithm based on the intelligent behaviour of honey bee swarm. In this work, ABC algorithm is used for optimizing multivariable functions and the results produced by ABC, Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Algorithm (PSO) and Particle Swarm Inspired Evolutionary Algorithm (PS-EA) have been compared. The results showed that ABC outperforms the other algorithms.


Swarm intelligence Artificial bee colony Particle swarm optimization Genetic algorithm Particle swarm inspired evolutionary algorithm Numerical function optimization