INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE RESEARCH ON VICTIM INJURIES AND ATTRIBUTIONS

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 51-65

“Intimate Terrorism” and Gender Differences in Injury of Dating Partners by Male and Female University Students

  • Murray A. StrausAffiliated withFamily Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire Email author 
  • , Kristi L. GozjolkoAffiliated withDepartment of Sociology, University of New Hampshire

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Abstract

A version of the partner violence typology developed by Johnson (Journal of Marriage and the Family 57: 283-294, 1995) that more fully reflects the inherently dyadic nature of partner violence is presented, as well as a method of using the Conflict Tactics Scales to identify cases in the typology, including “Intimate Terrorists.” Analysis of 13,877 university student dating relationships found a similar percent of male and female “Intimate Terrorists.” This is consistent with other studies of general populations and reflects inadequacies in Johnson’s methodology. Bidirectional violence, including Intimate Terrorism, was associated with the highest probability of injury, especially for women. The results suggest that programs to reduce partner violence, including reducing violence against women, should address violence and coercive control by both partners.

Keywords

Assault Domestic violence Injury Gender Control Coercion