Regulation of Reproduction in the Primitively Eusocial Wasp Ropalidia marginata: on the Trail of the Queen Pheromone
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Queens and workers are not morphologically differentiated in the primitively eusocial wasp, Ropalidia marginata. Upon removal of the queen, one of the workers becomes extremely aggressive, but immediately drops her aggression if the queen is returned. If the queen is not returned, this hyper-aggressive individual, the potential queen (PQ), will develop her ovaries, lose her hyper-aggression, and become the next colony queen. Because of the non-aggressive nature of the queen, and because the PQ loses her aggression by the time she starts laying eggs, we hypothesized that regulation of worker reproduction in R. marginata is mediated by pheromones rather than by physical aggression. Based on the immediate loss of aggression by the PQ upon return of the queen, we developed a bioassay to test whether the queen’s Dufour’s gland is, at least, one of the sources of the queen pheromone. Macerates of the queen’s Dufour’s gland, but not that of the worker’s Dufour’s gland, mimic the queen in making the PQ decrease her aggression. We also correctly distinguished queens and workers of R. marginata nests by a discriminant function analysis based on the chemical composition of their respective Dufour’s glands.
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- Regulation of Reproduction in the Primitively Eusocial Wasp Ropalidia marginata: on the Trail of the Queen Pheromone
Journal of Chemical Ecology
Volume 36, Issue 4 , pp 424-431
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Ropalidia marginata
- Queen pheromone
- Potential queen
- Dufour’s gland
- Reproductive monopoly
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India
- 3. Agharkar Research Institute, G. G. Agarkar Road, Pune, India
- 4. Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69978, Tel Aviv, Israel
- 2. Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore, India