Comparing Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Developmentally Disabled Adult Population Using the Current DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria and the Proposed DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The American Psychiatric Association is making changes in the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) criteria for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). In order to examine potential effects of the changing of the criteria, 330 adults with intellectual disability (ID) from two developmental centers were examined. However, due to the fact that the DSM-IV-TR/ICD-10 Checklist does not contain one of the restricted behavior items listed in the current proposed DSM-5 criteria, 41 participants were eliminated from the study. An additional 62 individuals were randomly removed from the study so that no one group was 1.5 times larger than any other group. This left a total of 227 individuals. These individuals were divided into three groups: those who met criteria for an ASD according to only DSM-IV-TR criteria, those who met criteria according to the proposed DSM-5 criteria, and controls with ID not meeting ASD criteria according to either diagnostic system. After statistical analysis, individuals in the DSM-5 group evinced significantly greater overall ASD core symptoms than those in the DSM-IV-TR group or controls. In addition, those in the DSM-IV-TR group exhibited significantly greater overall ASD core symptoms than those in the control group. Furthermore, we found that the percentage of adults diagnosed with ASD declined by 36.53% when using DSM-5 as compared to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Implications of these findings are discussed.
- American Psychiatric Association (2011). A 09 autism spectrum disorder retrieved 2.16.12, from http://www.dsm5.org/proposedrevision/pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=94
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: Author. CrossRef
- Bakken, T. L., Helverschou, S. B., Eilertsen, D. E., Heggelund, T., Myrbakk, E., & Martiksen, H. (2010). Psychiatric disorders in adolescents and adults with autism and intellectual disability: a representative study in one country in Norway. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31, 1669–1677. CrossRef
- Belva, B. C., Matson, J. L., Hattier, M. A., Kozlowski, A. M., & Bamburg, J. W. (2012). Convergent validity of the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Diagnostic Adult (ASD-DA) with the pervasive developmental disorder/autism subscale of the diagnostic assessment for the severely handicapped-II. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 752–756. CrossRef
- Bennett, T., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S., Volden, J., Zwaigenbaum, L., Varccarella, L., Duku, E., & Boyle, M. (2008). Differentiating autism and Asperger syndrome on the basis of language delay or impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 616–625.
- Boisjoli, J., & Matson, J. L. (in press). A taxometric analysis of autism spectrum disorders in toddlers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
- Borthwick-Duffy, S. A. (1994). Epidemiology and prevalence of psychopathology in people with mental retardation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 17–27. CrossRef
- Buitelaar, J. K., & Van der Gaag, R. J. (1998). Diagnostic rules for children with PDD-NOS and multiple complex developmental disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 911–918. CrossRef
- Chakrabarti, S., & Fombonne, E. (2005). Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children: confirmation of high prevalence. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1133–1141. CrossRef
- Duffy, C., & Healey, O. (2011). Spontaneous communication in autism spectrum disorders: a review of topographies and interventions. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 977–983. CrossRef
- Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage publications.
- Fodstad, J. C., Matson, J. L., Hess, J. A., & Neal, D. (2009). Social and communication behaviours in infants and toddlers with autism and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 12, 152–157. CrossRef
- González, M. L. (2008). The initial reliability and construct validity of the Autism Spectrum Disorders—Diagnostic in Children (ASD-DC). Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
- Horovitz, M., & Matson, J. L. (2010). Communication deficits in babies and infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder—not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 13, 390–398. CrossRef
- Kaland, N. (2011). Brief report: should Asperger syndrome be excluded from the forthcoming DSM-5? Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 984–989. CrossRef
- Kanai, C., Tani, M., Hashimoto, R., Yamada, T., Ota, H., Watanabe, H., Iwanami, A., & Kato, N. (2012). Cognitive profiles of adults with Asperger’s disorder, high-functioning autism, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified based on WAIS-III. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 58–64.
- Lanovas, M. J., & Sladeczek, E. (2011). Vocal stereotypy in children with autism: structural characteristics, variability, and effects of auditory stimulation. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 1159–1168. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L. (1995). The Matson evaluation of social skills for individuals with severe retardation. Baton Rouge: Scientific Publishers Inc.
- Matson, J. L., & Boisjoli, J. A. (2007). Differential diagnosis of PDD-NOS in children. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 75–84. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., & Minshawi, N. F. (2006). Early intervention for autism spectrum disorders: A critical analysis. Oxford: Elsevier.
- Matson, J. L., & Neal, D. (2009). Diagnosing high incidence autism spectrum disorders in adults. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 581–589. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., & Shoemaker, M. (2009). Intellectual disability and its relationship to autism spectrum disorders. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 1107–1114. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., & Wilkins, J. (2008). Nosology and diagnosis of Asperger’s syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 288–300. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Boisjoli, J. A., González, M. L., Smith, K. R., & Wilkins, J. (2007a). Norms and cut off scores for the Autism Spectrum Disorders Diagnosis for Adults (ASD-DA) with intellectual disability. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 330–338. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Nebel-Schwalm, M., & Matson, M. L. (2007b). A review of methodological issues in the differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in children. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 38–54. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Wilkins, J., & González, M. (2007c). Reliability and factor structure of the autism spectrum disorders-diagnosis scale for intellectually disabled adults (ASD-DA). Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 19, 565–577. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., González, M. L., Wilkins, J., & Rivet, T. T. (2008a). Reliability of the autism spectrum disorders-diagnostic for children (ASD-DC). Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 696–706. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Wilkins, J., & Ancona, M. (2008b). Autism in adults with severe intellectual disability: an empirical study of symptom presentation. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 33, 36–42. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Wilkins, J., Boisjoli, J. A., & Smith, K. R. (2008c). The validity of the autism spectrum disorders-diagnosis for intellectually disabled adults (ASD-DA). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 29, 537–546. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Dempsey, T., & Fodstad, J. C. (2009). Stereotypies and repetitive/restrictive behaviors in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 12, 122–127. CrossRef
- Matson, J. L., Kozlowski, A., M., Hattier, M. A., Horovitz, M., & Sipes, M. (in press). DSM-IV versus DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for toddlers with autism. Developmental Neurorehabilitation.
- Mayes, L., Volkmar, F. R., Hooks, M., & Cicchetti, D. (1993). Differentiating pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified from autism and language disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23, 79–90. CrossRef
- Paynter, J. (2010). Language and ToM development in autism versus Asperger syndrome: contrasting influences of syntactic versus lexical/semantic maturity. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 337–385. CrossRef
- Peele, P. B., Lave, J. R., & Kelleher, K. J. (2002). Exclusions and limitations in children’s behavioral health care coverage. Psychiatric Services, 53, 591–594. CrossRef
- Rutter, M. (1968). Concepts of autism: a review of research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9, 1–25. CrossRef
- Rutter, M. (1978). Diagnosis and definition of childhood autism. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 8, 139–161. CrossRef
- Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1988). The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), revised. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
- Sevin, J. A., Matson, J. L., Coe, D., Love, S. R., Matese, M. J., & Benavidez, D. A. (1995). Empirically derived subtypes of pervasive developmental disorders: a cluster analytic study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 561–578. CrossRef
- Sparrow, S. S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales: interview edition, survey form manual. Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.
- Tabachnick, B. C., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
- Tidmarsh, L., & Volkmar, F. R. (2003). Diagnosis and epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 517–525.
- Wing, L. (1997). The autistic spectrum. The Lancet, 350, 1761–1766. CrossRef
- Wing, L., Gould, J., & Gillberg, C. (2011). Autism spectrum disorders in the DSM-5: better or worse than the DSM-IV? Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 768–773. CrossRef
- World Health Organization. (1992). International classification of diseases (10th ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Worley, J. A., & Matson, J. L. (2012). Comparing symptoms of autism spectrum disorders using the current DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria and the proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 965–970. CrossRef
- Comparing Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Developmentally Disabled Adult Population Using the Current DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria and the Proposed DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria
Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Volume 24, Issue 4 , pp 403-414
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links