Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 271–291

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Po Basin. Part A: Anthropogenic VOCs

Authors

  • M. Steinbacher
    • Paul Scherrer InstitutLaboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Swiss Federal Institute for Material Testing and Research (EMPA)Laboratory for Air Pollution/Environmental Technology
  • J. Dommen
    • Paul Scherrer InstitutLaboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry
  • C. Ordonez
    • Paul Scherrer InstitutLaboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry
  • S. Reimann
    • Swiss Federal Institute for Material Testing and Research (EMPA)Laboratory for Air Pollution/Environmental Technology
  • F. C. GrÜebler
    • Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyInstitute for Atmospheric and Climate Science
  • J. Staehelin
    • Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyInstitute for Atmospheric and Climate Science
    • Paul Scherrer InstitutLaboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10874-005-3576-1

Cite this article as:
Steinbacher, M., Dommen, J., Ordonez, C. et al. J Atmos Chem (2005) 51: 271. doi:10.1007/s10874-005-3576-1

Abstract

Measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were performed in the Po Basin, northern Italy in early summer 1998 within the PIPAPO project as well as in summer 2002 and autumn 2003 within the FORMAT project. During the three campaigns, trace gases and meteorological parameters were measured at a semi-rural station, around 35 km north of the city center of Milan. Low toluene and benzene concentrations and lower toluene to benzene ratios on weekends, on Sundays, and in August enabled the identification of a ‘weekend’ and a ‘vacation’ effect when anthropogenic emissions were lower due to less traffic and reduced industrial activities, respectively. Recurrent nighttime cyclohexane peaks suggested a periodical short-term release of cyclohexane close to the semi-rural sampling site. A multivariate receptor model analysis resulted in the distinction of different characteristic concentration profiles attributed to natural gas, biogenic impact, vehicle exhaust, industrial activities, and a single cyclohexane source.

Keywords

benzeneGreater Milan areapositive matrix factorizationtoluenevacation effectweekend effect

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005