Original Paper

Journal of Chemical Crystallography

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 387-392

First online:

X-ray Crystallographic Structures of Two Lamotrigine Analogues: (I) 3,5-Diamino-6-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine Water Solvate and (II) 3,5-Diamino-6-(3,6-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine Methanol Solvate

  • Rex A. PalmerAffiliated withSchool of Crystallography, Birkbeck College, University of London Email author 
  • , Brian S. PotterAffiliated withSchool of Crystallography, Birkbeck College, University of London
  • , Michael J. LeachAffiliated withMedway School of Science, University of Greenwich (Medway Campus)
  • , Babur Z. ChowdhryAffiliated withMedway School of Science, University of Greenwich (Medway Campus) Email author 

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The X-ray crystal structures of two lamotrigine derivatives (I) 3,5-diamino-6-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine, C9H8ClN5, (465BL) as a hydrate, and (II) 3,5-diamino-6-(3,6-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine, C9H7Cl2N5, (469BR) as a methanol solvate, have been carried out at liquid nitrogen temperature and room temperature, respectively. A detailed comparison of the two structures is given. Both are centrosymmetric with (I) in the orthorhombic space group Pbca, a = 12.2507(3), b = 15.7160(6), c = 21.71496(9) Å, Z = 16, and (II) in the monoclinic space group C2/c, a = 38.553(3), b = 4.9586(2), c = 14.546(2) Å, β = 111.59(1)°, Z = 8. Final R indices [I > 2sigma(I)] for (I) are R1 = 0.0670, wR2 = 0.1515 and for (II) R1 = 0.0434, wR2 = 0.1185. Structure (I) has water of crystallization in the lattice and (II) includes a solvated CH3OH. Structure (I) is characterized by having two crystallographically independent molecules, A and B, of 465BL, per asymmetric unit. Molecule B has a very unusual feature in that the 2-chlorophenyl ring is statistically disordered, occupying site (1) in 87.5% of the structure and site (2) in 12.5% of the structure. Sites (1) and (2) are related by an exact 180° pivot of the phenyl ring about the ring linkage bond. The presence of two independent molecules per asymmetric unit provides an ideal opportunity for the conformational flexibility of the molecule 465BL to be studied. Structure (I) also includes a further unusual feature in that the lattice contains one fully occupied water molecule and an additional solvated water which is only 33% occupied.

Index Abstract

Rex A. Palmer, Brian S. Potter, Michael J Leach and Babur Z. Chowdhry

The crystal structures of two lamotrigine analogues: (I) 3, 5-diamino-6-(2-chlorophenyl)-1, 2, 4-triazine, water solvate and (II) 3, 5-diamino-6-(3,6-dichlorophenyl)-1, 2, 4-triazine methanol solvate are presented. Structure (I) includes two molecules per asymmetric unit labeled A and B where molecule B is unusually disordered having Cl in either position 2 (87.5% occupied) or position 6 of the phenyl ring (12.5% occupied), the two sites being related by 180deg rotation about the ring linkage bond. Molecule I(A) on the other hand shows no disorder. The relative orientations of the two rings in I(A and B) and in II is shown to be different. Lamotrigine and analogues have been investigated for some time for their effects on the central nervous system. For example both lamotrigine and 5-(2,3,5-trichlorophenyl)-2,4-diaminopyrimidine (code name BW 1003C87) are voltage-gated sodium channel blockers as well as blocking the release of the neurotransmitter glutamate. BW 1003C87 has also been shown to reduce the release of glutamate evoked by veratrine in brain tissue, providing a therapeutic approach in both cerebral ischemia and epilepsy [B. S. Meldrum, J. H. Swan, M. J. Leach, M. H. Millan, R. Gwinn, K. Kadota, S. H Graham, J. Chen, R. P. Simon , Brain Res., 1992, 593, 1.]. This is one of a series of papers on the structures of lamotrigine analogues.


Central nervous system drugs Triazines Lamotrigines Voltage gated Na+ channel inhibitors Crystal structures and drug design