Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 193–205

Sex as a Moderator of the Relationships Between Predictor Variables and Counterproductive Work Behavior

Authors

    • Department of PsychologyWright State University
  • Gary N. Burns
    • Department of PsychologyWright State University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10869-013-9342-5

Cite this article as:
Bowling, N.A. & Burns, G.N. J Bus Psychol (2015) 30: 193. doi:10.1007/s10869-013-9342-5

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the current study was to examine sex as a moderator of the relationships between four predictor variables—job satisfaction, organizational commitment, interpersonal conflict, and organizational constraints—and counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs).

Design/Methodology/Approach

Using a two-wave design (time lag = 6 months), we collected self-report data from workers employed in a variety of different settings (N = 220).

Findings

We found relatively stronger predictor–CWB relationships for men than for women in five of the eight interactions that we tested. These moderator effects were partially explained by sex differences in between-person variability of CWBs (i.e., relatively lower variability was observed for women than for men) as well as sex differences in the reliability with which CWBs were assessed (i.e., relatively lower reliability was observed for women than for men).

Implications

In order to reduce the incidence of CWBs, it is important to gain a better understanding of predictor–CWB relationships. The current study found that predictor variables that are typically examined by CWB researchers might be more useful for predicting CWBs among men than among women.

Originality/Value

Although several studies have examined the predictors of CWBs, the current study is among the first to examine sex as a moderator of predictor–CWB relationships.

Keywords

Counterproductive work behaviorWorkplace devianceSex differencesJob attitudesOccupational stress

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014