The impact of emotional well-being on long-term recovery and survival in physical illness: a meta-analysis
This meta-analysis synthesized studies on emotional well-being as predictor of the prognosis of physical illness, while in addition evaluating the impact of putative moderators, namely constructs of well-being, health-related outcome, year of publication, follow-up time and methodological quality of the included studies. The search in reference lists and electronic databases (Medline and PsycInfo) identified 17 eligible studies examining the impact of general well-being, positive affect and life satisfaction on recovery and survival in physically ill patients. Meta-analytically combining these studies revealed a Likelihood Ratio of 1.14, indicating a small but significant effect. Higher levels of emotional well-being are beneficial for recovery and survival in physically ill patients. The findings show that emotional well-being predicts long-term prognosis of physical illness. This suggests that enhancement of emotional well-being may improve the prognosis of physical illness, which should be investigated by future research.
- The impact of emotional well-being on long-term recovery and survival in physical illness: a meta-analysis
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- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 35, Issue 5 , pp 538-547
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- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
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- Emotional well-being
- Physical illness