Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 61–67

The Contribution of Pain-Related Anxiety to Disability from Headache

Authors

    • Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineBrown Medical School/The Miriam Hospital
    • Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineBrown Medical School/The Miriam Hospital
  • David M. Williams
    • Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineBrown Medical School/The Miriam Hospital
  • Robert Nicholson
    • Department of Community and Family MedicineSt. Louis University School of Medicine
  • Peter C. Trask
    • Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineBrown Medical School/The Miriam Hospital
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10865-005-9033-4

Cite this article as:
Nash, J.M., Williams, D.M., Nicholson, R. et al. J Behav Med (2006) 29: 61. doi:10.1007/s10865-005-9033-4

Disability associated with headache cannot be fully accounted for by pain intensity and headache frequency. As such, a variety of cognitive and affective factors have been identified to help explain headache-related disability beyond that accounted for by pain levels. Pain-related anxiety, a multidimensional construct, also has been found to contribute to disability in headache sufferers. What is not known is whether pain-related anxiety is unique in contributing to disability beyond the role of headache-specific cognitive factors and emotional distress. The present study examines the influence of pain-related anxiety on disability, after controlling for pain, cognitive (self-efficacy and locus of control), and affective factors (emotional distress) in a sample of 96 primary headache sufferers. Pain, headache-related control beliefs, and emotional distress accounted for 32%, with locus of control related to health care professionals contributing unique variance. In the full model, with the addition of pain-related anxiety, only pain-related anxiety was a unique predictor of disability. These findings suggest that pain-related anxiety may have a unique and important role in contributing to disability in headache sufferers.

KEY WORDS:

headachedisabilitypain anxietyself-efficacylocus of control

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc 2005