Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 197–204

The Relation Between Emotional Dysregulation and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms, Pain-Related Anxiety, and HIV-Symptom Distress Among Adults with HIV/AIDS


    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Houston
  • Adam Gonzalez
    • Department of PsychiatryMassachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStony Brook University
  • Kristin W. Grover
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Vermont
  • Michael J. Zvolensky
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Houston

DOI: 10.1007/s10862-012-9329-y

Cite this article as:
Brandt, C.P., Gonzalez, A., Grover, K.W. et al. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2013) 35: 197. doi:10.1007/s10862-012-9329-y


The current study investigated the relations between emotional dysregulation and anxiety and depressive symptoms, pain-related anxiety, and HIV-symptom distress among individuals living with HIV/AIDS. This research is important in its explanatory value regarding the unique effects of emotional dysregulation as it relates to psychological and disease-specific distress given high rates of distress specific to HIV infection (e.g. medicatin side-effects, stigma). Participants included 164 adults (17.1 % female, Mage = 48.40, SD = 9.57) with HIV/AIDS. Results indicated that emotional dysregulation was significantly and positively related to anxiety and depressive symptoms, pain-related anxiety, and HIV-symptom distress. All emotional dyregulation effects were evidenced above and beyond the variance accounted for by demographic and HIV-specific characteristics, and the main effects of anxiety sensitivity and distress intolerance. Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of emotional dysregulation in negative affective experiences within the HIV/AIDS population.


HIV/AIDSDepressionANXIETYEmotion dysregulationPain anxietySymptom distressAnxiety sensitivity

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012