Systematic theoretical investigation of structures, stabilities, and electronic properties of rhodium-doped silicon clusters: Rh2Sinq (n = 1–10; q = 0, ±1)
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- Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., Yang, X. et al. J Mater Sci (2015) 50: 6180. doi:10.1007/s10853-015-9175-x
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A systematic investigation of rhodium-doped silicon clusters, Rh2Sinq with n = 1–10 and q = 0, ±1, in the neutral, anionic, and cationic states is performed using density functional theory approach at B3LYP/GENECP level. According to the optimum Rh2Sinq clusters, mostly equilibrium geometries prefer the three-dimensional structures for n = 2–10. When n = 10, one Rh atom in Rh2Si100,±1 clusters completely falls into the center of Si frame, and cage-like Rh2Si100,±1 geometries are formed. The Rh2Si1,6–9+ and Rh2Si5,7,9− clusters significantly deform their corresponding neutral geometries, which are in line with the calculated ionization potential and electron affinity values. The relative stabilities of Rh2Sinq clusters for the lowest-energy structures are analyzed on the basis of binding energy, fragmentation energy, second-order energy difference, and HOMO–LUMO gaps. The theoretical results confirm that the Rh2Si6−, Rh2Si6, and Rh2Si6+ clusters are more stable than their neighboring ones. The natural population analysis reveals that the charges in Rh2Sinq clusters transfer from the Si atoms to the Rh atoms except Rh2Si+. In addition, the relationship between static polarizability and HOMO–LUMO gaps is discussed.