, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 2016-2024
Date: 04 Oct 2011

Carbon black–clay hybrid nanocomposites based upon EPDM elastomer

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Abstract

The present study explored the effect of nanoclay on the properties of the ethylene–propylene–diene rubber (EPDM)/carbon black (CB) composites. The nanocomposites were prepared with 40 wt% loading of fillers, where the nanoclay percentage was kept constant at 3 wt%. As the modified nanoclay contains the polar groups and the EPDM matrix is nonpolar, a polar rubber oil extended carboxylated styrene butadiene rubber (XSBR), was used during the preparation of nanocomposites to improve the compatibility. Primarily the nanoclay was dispersed in XSBR by solution mixing followed by ultrasonication. After that EPDM-based, CB–clay hybrid nanocomposites, were prepared in a laboratory scale two roll mill. The dispersion of the different nanoclay in the EPDM matrix was observed by wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the mechanical properties of the hybrid nanocomposites were highly influenced by the dispersion and exfoliation of the nanoclays in the EPDM matrix. Thermo gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis was carried out for each nanocomposite. Among all the nanocomposites studied, the thermal and mechanical properties of Cloisite 30B filled EPDM/CB nanocomposite were found to be highest.