Should vocational education be part of secondary education?
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Secondary education has become increasingly important in education policy reforms around the world. Many countries would like to see all their young people complete upper secondary education as a basic educational requirement. Secondary education policies vary internationally regarding the role of vocational and technical education. In Germany, Switzerland and Austria, for example, most students in upper secondary education attend vocational programs, which are mainly conducted in enterprises (dual system). In some other countries, such as the United States, New Zealand or Japan, most of students at upper secondary level study in general education programs.
There is a global debate whether vocational education should be part of school based upper secondary education. Some insist that vocational and technical education is better placed in post-secondary education or at secondary level in the private sector. Two scholars, Manfred Wallenborn and Stephen Heyneman, debate this is ...
- ADB (Asian Development Bank). (2008). Skilling the Pacific, Metro Manila, Philippines. Mandaluyong city: ADB (Asian Development Bank).
- Arab Republic of Egypt/Ministry of Education. (2008). Towards an educational paradigm shift 2007/2008–2011/12. Cairo: Arab Republic of Egypt/Ministry of Education.
- Foster, P. (1966). The vocational school fallacy in development planning. In C. Arnold Anderson & M. J. Bowman (Eds.), Education and economic development (pp. 142–147). Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
- Heyneman, S. P. (1971). The conflict over what is learned in schools: A history of curriculum politics in Africa. (Monograph) Syracuse, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Center for East African Studies.
- Heyneman, S. P. (1972, April). Platitudes in educational economics: A short list of heresies relevant to African planning. In Manpower and Unemployment Research in Africa (pp. 31-37).
- Heyneman, S. P. (1976). Continuing issues in adolescence: A summary of current transition to adulthood debates. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 5(4), 309–323. CrossRef
- Heyneman, S. P. (1978). Adolescence obligations and educational policy. American Biology Teacher, 40(7), 423–432. October.
- Heyneman, S. P. (1979). May). The career education debate: Where the differences lie. Teachers college record, 80(4), 660–688.
- Heyneman, S. P. (1985). Diversifying secondary school curricula in developing countries: An implementation history and some policy options. International Journal of Educational Development, 5(4), 283–288. CrossRef
- Heyneman, S. P. (1986). The nature of a ‘practical’ curriculum. Education with production, East Africa, 4(2), 91–104. February.
- Heyneman, S. P. (1987). Curriculum economics in secondary education: An emerging crisis in developing countries. Prospects, 18(1), 63–74. CrossRef
- Heyneman, S. P. (1997, May). Russian vocational and technical education in the transition: Tradition, adaptation, unresolved problems. Presented to the Russian Academy of Vocational Education, Moscow, December 1996. Institute for the Study of Russian Education Newsletter, (pp. 22–34).
- Heyneman, S. P. (2003a). The history and problems in the making of education policy at the World Bank: 1960–2000. International Journal of Education Development, 23, 315–337. CrossRef
- Heyneman, S. P. (2003b). Review of Hubert Ertl, Modularization of vocational education in Europe. Oxford: Symposium Books, 2000. International Journal of Education Development, 23(2), 239–240. March. CrossRef
- Heyneman, S.P., & Gill, I.S. (1997). Egypt: Reforming vocational education and training to meet private sector skill demands. In Gil I., Fluitman F., & Dar A (Eds.), Skills and change: Constraints and innovation in reform of vocational education and training. Washington D.C. and Geneva: World Bank/International Labor Organization.
- Heyneman, S.P., & Lykins, C. (2008). The work of Philip Foster. 2008 UNESCO Prospects. (in press).
- World Bank. (2007). Meeting the challenges of secondary education in Latin America and East Asia. Washington, DC: World Bank.
- Should vocational education be part of secondary education?
Journal of Educational Change
Volume 10, Issue 4 , pp 405-413
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links