Relationship Quality as a Moderator of Anxiety in Siblings of Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders or Down Syndrome
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The purpose of this study was to examine typically-developing adolescents’ perceived relationship quality with their developmentally-disabled sibling, specifically siblings diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or Down syndrome (DS). The 119 eleven through seventeen-year-old adolescent participants (M = 13.32, SD = 1.90) completed an online survey that assessed demographics, sibling relationship quality, and anxiety. Results showed that siblings of children with DS have a greater overall sibling relationship quality than do siblings of children with an ASD. Results further indicated that reporting more negative interchanges within the sibling relationship was related to higher levels of anxiety regardless of sibling disability type. Lastly, sibling relationship quality moderated the relation between sibling disability type and anxiety. These findings promote greater understanding of the sibling dynamic in families with children with developmental disabilities and suggest the need for establishing more research and greater clinical evaluation in this area. Furthermore, the current study suggests that therapeutic intervention to address the sibling relationship quality within children diagnosed with ASDs and their typically-developing siblings would be beneficial in order to increase social support within the relationship as well as decrease the amount of negative interchanges within the sibling relationship. Results also suggested that decreasing the amount of negative interchanges within the sibling relationship may decrease the level of anxiety the typically-developing sibling reports.
- Andrews, D., Nonnecke, B., & Preece, J. (2003). Electronic survey methodology: A case study in reaching hard-to-involve Internet users. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, 16(2), 185–210. doi:10.1.1.151.94. CrossRef
- Bagenholm, A., & Gillberg, C. (1991). Psychosocial effects on siblings of children with autism and mental retardation: A population based study. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 35, 291–307.
- Barnett, R. A., & Hunter, M. (2012). Adjustment of siblings of children with mental health problems: Behaviour, self-concept, quality of life and family functioning. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(2), 262–272. doi:10.1007/s10826-011-9471-2. CrossRef
- Bögel, S. M., & Brechman-Toussaint, M. L. (2006). Family issues in child anxiety: Attachment, family functioning, parental rearing and beliefs. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(7), 834–856. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2005.08.001. CrossRef
- Brody, G. H. (1998). Sibling relationship quality: Its causes and consequences. Annual Review of Psychology, 49(1), 1–24. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.49.1.1. CrossRef
- Brody, G. H. (2004). Sibling’s direct and indirect contributions to child development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(3), 124–126. doi:10.1111/j.09637214.2004.00289.x. CrossRef
- Connolly, J. A., & Konarski, R. (1994). Peer self-concept in adolescence: Analysis of factor structure and of associations with peer experience. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4(3), 385–403. doi:10.1207/s15327795jra0403_3. CrossRef
- Cuskelly, M., & Gunn, P. (2003). Sibling relationships of children with Down syndrome: Perspectives of mothers, fathers, and siblings. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 108(4), 234–244. doi:10.1352/0895-8017(2003)108<234:SROCWD>2.0.CO;2. CrossRef
- Cuskelly, M., & Gunn, P. (2006). Adjustment of children who have a sibling with Down syndrome: Perspectives of mothers, fathers, and children. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Research, 50, 917–925. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00922.x. CrossRef
- Dunn, J. (1999). Introduction: New directions in research on children’s relationships and understanding. Social Development, 8(2), 137–142. doi:10.1111/1467-9507.00087. CrossRef
- Eisenberg, L., Baker, B. L., & Blacher, J. (1998). Siblings of children with mental retardation living at home or in residential placement. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 355–363. doi:10.1017/S0021963097002084. CrossRef
- Elkind, D. (1967). Egocentrism in adolescence. Child Development, 38(1), 1025–1034. doi:10.2307/1127100. CrossRef
- Findler, L., & Vardi, A. (2009). Psychological growth among siblings of children with and without intellectual disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47(1), 1–12. doi:10.1352/2009.47:1-12. CrossRef
- Floyd, F. J., Purcell, S. E., Richardson, S. S., & Kupersmidt, J. B. (2009). Sibling relationship quality and social functioning of children and adolescents with intellectual disability. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114(2), 110–127. doi:10.1352/2009.114.110-127. CrossRef
- Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (1985). Children’s perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 21(1), 1016–1024. doi:10.1037//0012-1622.214.171.1246. CrossRef
- Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (1992). Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks of personal relationships. Child Development, 63, 103–115. doi:10.2307/1130905. CrossRef
- Garcia, M. M., Shaw, D. S., Winslow, E. B., & Yaggi, K. E. (2000). Destructive sibling conflict and the development of conduct problems in young boys. Developmental Psychology, 36(1), 44–53. doi:10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.199. CrossRef
- Gold, N. (1993). Depression and social adjustment in siblings of boys with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23(1), 147–163. doi:10.1007/BF01066424. CrossRef
- Hastings, R. P. (2003). Brief report: Behavioral adjustment of siblings of children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(1), 99–104. doi:10.1177/1074840707308580. CrossRef
- Hodapp, R. M., Ly, T. M., Filder, D. J., & Ricci, L. A. (2001). Less stress, more rewarding: Parenting children with Down syndrome. Parenting Science and Practice, 1(4), 317–337. doi:10.1207/S15327922PAR0104_3. CrossRef
- Jahromi, L. B., Gulsrud, A., & Kasari, C. (2008). Emotional competence in children with Down syndrome: Negativity and regulation. American Journal of Mental Retardation, 113(1), 32–43. doi:10.1352/0895-8017(2008)113[32:ECICWD]2.0.CO;2. CrossRef
- Jesus, T. D., Kalb, L., Patel, K., & Foster, C. (2010). A preliminary investigation of parent and clinician agreement in the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder. Poster session presented at the international meeting for autism research, Philadelphia, PA.
- Kaminsky, L., & Dewey, D. (2001). Siblings relationships of children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(4), 399–410. doi:10.1023/A:1010664603039. CrossRef
- Kramer, L. (2011). Supportive sibling relationships. In J. Caspi (Ed.), Sibling development: Implications for mental health practitioners (pp. 41–58). New York, NY: Springer.
- Kramer, L., & Bank, L. (2005). Sibling relationship contributions to individual and family well-being: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(4), 483–485. doi:10.1037/0893-3188.8.131.523. CrossRef
- Lobato, D., Barbour, L., Hall, L. J., & Miller, C. T. (1987). Psychosocial characteristics of preschool siblings of handicapped and nonhandicapped children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 15(3), 329–338. doi:10.1007/BF00916453. CrossRef
- Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associate with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. doi:10.1023/A:1005592401947. CrossRef
- Mates, T. E. (1990). Siblings of autistic children: Their adjustment at home and in school. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 545–553. doi:10.1007/BF02216059. CrossRef
- Milevsky, A., & Levitt, M. J. (2005). Sibling support in early adolescence: Buffering and compensation across relationships. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2(3), 299–320. doi:10.1080/17405620544000048. CrossRef
- Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Ollendick, T., King, N., & Bogie, N. (2002). Three traditional and three new childhood anxiety questionnaires: Their reliability and validity in a normal adolescent sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 753–772. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(01)00056-0. CrossRef
- Myers, S. M., & Johnson, C. P. (2007). Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120, 1183–1215. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-2361. CrossRef
- Olsson, M. B., & Hwang, C. P. (2001). Depression in mothers and fathers of children with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 45(6), 535–543. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2788.2001.00372.x. CrossRef
- Orsmond, G. I., & Seltzer, M. M. (2007). Siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorders across the life course. Journal of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 13(4), 313–320. doi:10.1002/mrdd.20171. CrossRef
- Pilowsky, T., Yirmiya, N., Doppelt, O., Gross-Tsur, V., & Shalev, R. S. (2004). Social and emotional adjustment of siblings of children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(4), 855–865. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00277.x. CrossRef
- Rodrigue, J. R., Geffken, G. R., & Morgan, S. B. (2005). Perceived competence and behavioral adjustment of siblings of children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23(4), 665–674. doi:10.1007/BF01046108. CrossRef
- Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J.G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (5th ed., pp. 619–700). New York, NY: Wiley.
- Sanders, J. L., & Morgan, S. B. (1997). Family stress and adjustment as perceived by parents of children with autism or Down syndrome: Implications for intervention. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 19, 15–32. doi:10.1300/J019v19n04_02. CrossRef
- Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G. I., & Lounds, J. (2005). Life course studies of siblings of individuals with developmental disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 43(5), 354–359.
- Sicile-Kira, C. (2004). Autism spectrum disorders: The complete guide to understanding autism, Asperger’s syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder, and other ASDs. New York, NY: Berkley Publishing Group.
- Sigman, M., & Ruskin, E. (1999). Change and continuity in the social competence of children with autism, Down syndrome, and developmental delays. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development (3). London, UK: Blackwell.
- Smith, T., & Perry, A. (2005). A sibling support group for brothers and sisters of children with autism. Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 11, 77–88.
- Stoneman, Z. (2005). Siblings of children with disabilities: Research themes. Journal of Mental Retardation, 43(5), 339–350. doi:10.1352/0047-6765.
- Travis, L. L., & Sigman, M. (1998). Social deficits and interpersonal relationships with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 65–72. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2779(1998)4:2<65:AID-MRDD2>3.0.CO;2-W. CrossRef
- Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull, H. R. II. (1990). Families, professionals, and exceptionality: A special partnership (2nd ed). Columbus, OH: Merrill.
- Van Riper, M. (2000). Family variables associated with well-being in siblings of children with Down syndrome. Journal of Family Nursing, 6(3), 267–286. doi:10.1177/107484070000600305. CrossRef
- Viswanathan, M. (2005). Measurement error and research design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Whiteman, S. D., Bernard, J. M., & Jensen, A. C. (2011). Sibling influence in human development. In J. Caspi (Ed.), Sibling development: Implications for mental health practitioners (pp. 1–15). New York, NY: Springer.
- Relationship Quality as a Moderator of Anxiety in Siblings of Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders or Down Syndrome
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Volume 22, Issue 5 , pp 647-657
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Sibling relationships
- Relationship quality
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Down syndrome